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Chapter 5

Chapter 5.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Hilscher
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 5 (A cognitive social-learning approach to morality and self regulation)  Person variables-consequences of the individuals social and biological history and that in turn mediate how new experiences influence subsequent behavior  Comprehensive psychological analysis of morality must consider judgments about moral behavior as well as the determinants of moral behavior itself  Moral judgment, moral conduct, and self regulation all involve mans efforts to deal with good and bad, right and wrong.  Moral judgment concerns the evaluation of good bad(right wrong) and of what one ought to do  Moral conduct and self regulation concern the processes and behaviors relevant to the achievement of the good and the avoidance of the bad and thus of realizing ones moral ideals Moral competence  As a result of cognitive maturation and continuous social learning the individual acquires an increasingly large potential for generating organized behavior  The existence and importance of observational (cognitive) learning have been demonstrated clearly, but it is less certain how to construe what is acquired o The phenomena include such diverse learning as the structure of the physical world, the social rules, conventions, and principles that guide conduct and the personal constructs generated about self and others  The concept of cognitive and behavioral construction competencies encompasses the great variety of mans psychological acquisitions and refers to the diverse cognitions and behaviors that the individual is capable of constructing o Constructions-emphasizes the constructive fashion in which info is retrieved and the active organization through which it seems to be categorized and transformed  The concept of constructive competencies is intended to emphasize the persons cognitive activities (the operations and transformations that he performs on info), rather then the finite cognitions and responses that he has in a more passive, static, sense  Each individual acquires the capacity to construct a great range of potential behaviors- moral, immoral, amoral…different individuals acquire diff behavior construction capabilities in diff degrees  Cognitive competencies (as tested by mental age and IQ tests) tend to be among the very best predictors of honesty in conduct and of later social and interpersonal adjustment  Cognitive achievements and intellectual potential appear to be important aspects of concepts such as moral maturity, ego strength, ego development Some determinants of moral conduct and self regulation  The individual who knows how to behave competently in prosocial, constructive, ways is capable of such behaviors, but whether or not he enacts them at any given time depends on specific motivational and performance considerations in the psychological situation  One does not have to enact particular behaviors in order to learn their consequences; modeling cues and vicarious as well as direct consequences of performances influence subsequent behavior  Modeling cues (both live and
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