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Chapter 1

Personality Psychology-chapter 1.docx

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Michael Inzlicht

Personality Psychology Chapter 1To understand personality we need to understand what a person is like Is she extroverted or introverted Is he easygoing Is she open to new ideas Is he responsible Would he make a good mate Would she make a good lab partner We also need to understand our genetics and physiology which gives us our physical being and building blocks of neurons hormones and brain structures that take in and process information and direct our responses to the world we need to consider that there may be parts of the person hidden under the surface much like how the ocean has tides and a myriad of creatures hidden in its depths We also need to know how a person copes with the storms of lifea person is more than these things more than the sum of his or her parts How does a person function in the world How does a person think of himself or herself and interact with others How do gender sexual orientation and other social identities and personal selfconcepts affect a person How does a person fit into the large social world much like how the ocean is part of the larger ecosystem of the earth including fish birds sky and land And finally how does a person like the ocean change over time and yet remain fundamentally the sameTwo early personality psychologists mused that there are aspects of personality that are Universal to all people that are shared by similar people and that are completely unique to a single individual KluckhohnMurray 1948all humans regardless of culture have a genetic makeup a brain a nervous system and are born into a social group To the extent that these forces affect human personalityuniversals in human personality there are people who are more likely to venture forth in the world to meet other people We call such people extrovertsintroverts prefer to keep to themselves expect people who behave similarly to share similar personality characteristics whether it be extraversion or introversion neuroticism or emotional stability openness or concretenessagreeableness or grumpiness conscientiousness or impulsiveness for examplehuman universal is the desire for actualization ie to be who we are meant to be to develop and express our individual identity share the same mechanisms genetics physiology neurology some of the same characteristicsintroversionextraversion and have some of the same experiences in the world attachment tocaregivers sexual adjustment trauma happiness the way these building blocks of personalitycome together forms a unique individual youKnowing that people do vary personality psychologists attempt to study both the wayspeople are similar and the ways people are different from each other Personality psychology is the scientific study of what makes us who we are Using the scientific method of investigation it is the study of individual differences forIdentifying ways in which people are both similar and different and for explaining how they became that wayIdentifying and studying the building blocks or raw materials that make us think and act as we do EX Mona Lisa picture where when you zoom in it looks like its a whole bunch of little picturesimages but when you look at the big picture and zoom out its an image of the Mona LisaThe building blocks of personality Understand traits genetics neuroscience self and identity intrapsychic aspects regulation and motivation and cognition social and environmental forces that impact human personality at
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