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PSY100H1 (1,804)

Tri-Council Policy.pdf

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University of Toronto St. George
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans INTRODUCTION Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS) - joint policy of Canadaʼs 3 federal research agencies - the Canadian Institutes of Health and Research (CIHR) - the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) - Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) - AKA the AGENCIES **** - the Policy expresses the Agencies continuing commitment to the ppl of Canada to promote the ethical conduct of research involving humans - policy adopted in 1998 - as a condition of funding, the Agencies require that researchers and their institutions apply the ethical principles and the articles of this policy - to be eligible to rcv and administer funds frm the Agencies, institutions must agree to comply w. a number of agency policies set out as schedules to a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) CHAPTER 1 - ETHICS FRAMEWORK A. Importance of Research and Research Ethics RESEARCH - defined by the Policy as an undertaking intended to extend knowledge through a disciplined inquiry or systematic investigation - Policy aims to assist those who use it to identify ethical issues in the design, conduct and oversight of research to point the way to arriving at reasoned and ethical responses to these issues B. Core Principles - respect for human dignity*** has been an underlying value of the TCPS or Policy since its inception - respects for HUMAN DIGNITY is expressed through 3 core policies: - Respect for Persons - Concern for Welfare - Justice RESPECT for PERSONS - Respect for Persons recognizes the intrinsic value of human beings and the respect and consideration that they are due - RfP incorporates the dual moral obligations to respect autonomy and to protect those w/ developing, impaired or diminished autonomy - AUTONOMY inclds the ability to deliberate abt a decision and to act based on that deliberation - respecting autonomy means giving due deference to a persons judgement and ensuring that the person is free to choose without interference - important mechanism for respecting participants autonomy in research is the requirement to seek their free, informed and ongoing consent - RfP also inclds a commitment to ACCOUNTABILITY and TRANSPARENCY in the ethical conduct of research CONCERN for WELFARE - the WELFARE of a person is the quality of that personʼs experience of life in all aspects - welfare consists of the impact on individuals of factors such as their physical, mental and spiritual health as well as their physical, economic and social circumstances - determinants of welfare can incld housing, employment, security, family life, community membership and social participation - other contributing factors to welfare are privacy and the control of information abt the person and the treatment of human biological materials according to the free, informed and ongoing consents of the person who was the source of the info or materials - person or groups welfare also affected by welfare of those imp to them - researchers should aim to protect the welfare of participants and sometimes to promote that welfare in view of any foreseeable risks associated w/ the research - have to minimize the risks associated w/ answering any given research question, should attempt to achieve the most favourable balance of risks and potential benefits in a research proposal - groups may benefit frm the knowledge gained frm the research but they may also suffer frm stigmatization, discrimination or damage to reputation JUSTICE - JUSTICE refers to the obligation to treat ppl fairly and equitably - fairness entails treating all ppl w/ equal respect and concern - equity reqʼs distributing the benefits and burdens of research participation in such a way that no segment of the population is un
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