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Chapter 2

Psych Notes Chapter 2.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

Chapter 2 Vocabulary List 10/24/2012 1:42:00 PM Acetylcholine: Ach antagonists: Addiction: Alcoholism: Amydala: Angular gyrus: Agonist: Antagonist: Aphasia: Association areas: Auditory hallucinations: Autonomic nervous system: Axon: Broca’s area: Brainstem: Basic life support – breathing, beating of the heart. Brain lesion: Botulin: Botox: Cell body: Cerebral cortex: Cerebellum: Corpus callosum: Dendrite: Depressed mood states: Dopamine: EEG: Endocrine glands: Endorphins: Evolutionary history of the brain: Frontal lobes: fMRI: Glial cells: Cells that give the brain structure, 3 types of glial cells – astrocytes cells, oligodendrocytes cells, schwann cells. Glutamate: Hormone: Hippocampus: Hypothalamus: Hemispherectomy: Insomnia: Irritabilty: Left cerebal hemisphere: Limbic system: Internal body regulation – asks if this thing is food, a threat, a target of amorous desires, or if it is different from anything the body has seen before. Nothing will become conscious unless the limbic system recognizes it. Four parts – amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus, thalamus. Mathematical and spatial reasoning: Memory loss: Michael Gazzaniga: Motor neuron: carry outgoing information from the CNS to muscles and glands. Interneurons connect the two neurons. Moral judgement: Morphine antagonists: MRI: Multiple sclerosis: Myelin sheath: Neuron: Neurometrics: Neurotransmitters: Neural networks: Occipital lobe: Opiate: Pain control: Paralysis: Parietal lobes: Parkinson’s disease: Peripheral nervous system: the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervous system (CNS) to the rest of the body. PET scan: Phineas Gage: Phrenology: Pituitary gland: Planning: Plasticity: Regulates hunger: Reuptake: Research with split-brain patients: Reticular formation: Reward deficiency syndrome: Right cerebral hemisphere: Schizophrenia: Sensory neuron: carry incoming information from the sense receptors to the CNS. Serotonin: Severed spinal cord: Somatic nervous system: Spinal cord: Split brain: Stressful situations for the sympathetic nervous system: Sympathetic nervous system: Synapse: Synaptic gaps: Temporal lobes: Thalamus: Tomography: Wernicke’s area: AP Psychology
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