Three criteria for whether behavior represents psypathogy - 1. Does the behavior deviate from
2. Is the behavior manipulative?
3. Is the behavior causing problems to the individual?
etiology - factors that contribute to the development of a disorder
DSM - Agnosticism and statistical manual of mental diseases
Difference in psychological assessment between simple and strucuted interviews - 1. Simple
Clinical interviews are less structured and depend on the therapists' experience
2. Structued interview methods follow a more scripped outline
comorbidity - Concept that mental disorders commonly overlap one another
Dissociative disorders and an example of one type - involves disruptions of identity of memory
and of conscious awareness.
- Ex: dissociative identity theory
dissociative identity theory - - Two of more distinct identities in an individual
- One theory is that abused children especially common for females disassociate the abuse as
happening to outside of themselves
- This is controversial because often those claiming to have this disorder are trying to get a
lighter sentence for crimes they commit
Disathesis stress model - The theory that psychological disorders occur when one is genetically
vulnerable and/or vulnerable by the conditions of their upbringing and finally if that person is
unable copes with stressful environment.
What are the three focus points of the DSM? (family system model) - 1. Family system model
2. Socio-cultural model
3. Cognitive behavioral model
Why do females tend to experience more disorders like major depressive disorder and anorexia
while men experience more compulsive disorders like drug dependence? - The theory is that
woman tend to internalize their stress while men tend to externalize.
Anxiety disorder - is an excessive anxiety in the absence of actual dangers
Anxiety disorder, specifically phobias - - Specific phobias
- Social phobias
Social phobia's complexity - Social phobias is comorbid with many other psychological disorders,
all of which need to be considered to make the right diagnosis Anxiety disorder: Generalized anxiety disorder - constantly under stress and worry
Anxiety disorder: Panic disorder - Sudden and overwhelming attack of terror that come out of
Anxiety disorder: agoraphobia - fear of escape
Anxiety disorder: Obsessive compulsive disorder - - obsessive: intrusive/unwanted thoughts and