Textbook Notes (367,969)
Canada (161,538)
Psychology (2,971)
PSY100H1 (1,821)

Ch15 - Treatment of Psychological Disorders

22 Pages
Unlock Document

Ashley Waggoner Denton

15 Treatment of Psychological DisordersApril 6 20141238 AMHow Are Psychological Disorders Conceptualized and ClassifiedIt is important to consider certain criteria in determining whether behaviour represents psychopathologyDoes the behaviour deviate from cultural normsIs the behaviour maladaptiveIs the behaviour causing the individual personal distressIt is hard to draw the line between normal and abnormalPsychopathology increasingly is defined as thoughts and behaviours that are maladaptive rather than deviantOur understanding of abnormal behaviour and mental illness is also constantly evolvingPsychological disorders are classified into categoriesEtiologyFactors that contribute to the development of a disorderIn the 1800s Emil Kraepelin recognized that not all patients with mental disorders suffer from the same disorder and he identified mental disorders on the basis of groups of symptoms that occur togetherThe first edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM was published in 1952Remains the standard psychology and psychiatryEarlier versions focused on the presumed causes of mental disorders but beginning with the DSMIII there was a return to classifying psychopathology based on observable symptoms and a patient must meet specific criteria to receive a particular diagnosisMultiaxial systemThe system used in the DSM that provides assessment along five axes describing important mental health factorsAxis I Clinical disorderseg schizophrenia childhood disorders depressionAxis II Personality disorders and mental retardationeg antisocial personality disorderAxis III General medical conditionseg Alzheimers obesityAxis IV Psychosocial or environmental problemseg unemployment divorce povertyAxis V Global assessment of functioningScale from 1 to 100DSMV has actually dropped the multiaxial systemPsychological disorders must be assessedAssessment examination of a persons mental state to diagnose possible psychological disordersFirst goal of assessment is to make a diagnosis so that appropriate treatment can be providedBecause the course and probable outcome or prognosis of different mental disorders can vary the correct diagnosis helps the patient and family understand what the future might bringAn ongoing assessment helps mental health workers understand whether specific situations might cause a worsening of the disorder whether progress is being made in treatment and any other factors that might help in understanding unique aspects of a given caseMental status examGiven to people who come to emergency rooms showing confusion memory problems or other mental impairmentsProvide a snapshot of his or her psychological functioningInvolves behavioural observations that evaluate the person for characteristics such as personal grooming ability to make eye contact tremors or twitches mood speech thought content and memoryClinical interviewInterviewers skills determine the quantity and value of information obtainedGood interviewer expresses empathy builds rapport quickly is nonjudgmental and trusting and supports the clients efforts to find out what is wrong and how it might be addressedUnstructured interviewTopics of discussion vary as the interviewer probes different aspects of the persons problemsStructure interviewStandardized questions are asked in the same order each timePatients answers are coded according to a predetermined formula the diagnosis is based on the specific patterns of respondingType of testingPsychological assessor often can gain valuable information simply by observing the clients behaviourPsychological testing such as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory MMPIHas 10 clinical scales that generate a profile indicating whether the client may have a particular mental disorderNeuropsychological testing where the client performs actions such as copying a picture drawing a design from memory sorting cards that show various stimuli into different categories placing blocks into slots on a board while blindfolded tapping fingers rapidlyEvidencebased assessmentApproach to clinical evaluation in which research guides the evaluation of mental disorders the selection of appropriate
More Less

Related notes for PSY100H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.