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PSY100H1 (1,804)
Chapter 9

very detailed notes for Chapter 9, 11, 16

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 11 Developmental psychology- changes in physiology, cognition, and social behaviour over the life span. Tetratogens: drugs, alcohol and illnesses that effect development of fetus. Thalidomide- medicine prescribed to women that caused birth defects in 1950s Fetal alcohol syndrome: low birth weight, mental retardation, and abnormal head Newborns have a good sense of smell (their mothers milk recognition) and godd hearing by 6 months- turn to direction of sound(loud sounds) Babies have reflexes (grasping) and the rooting reflex (breastfeeding) for survival Synaptic pruning- a process when synaptic connections in the brain that are frequently used are preserved, and those that are not are lost. Critical period- developmental stage during which young animals acquire specific skills +knowledge. (environmental input is important) Secure attachment- child cries when attachment figure leaves Avoidant attachment (children are insecure)- child does not cry when attachment figure leaves Anxious-ambivalent attachment (children are insecure) - child cries when attachment figure leaves. But the rejects attachment figures, once she returns. Disorganized attachment- smiling when seeing the caregiver but then displaying fear fit bw childs temperament and the parents behaviours is most important in determining social development. (lazy parents have unfit children for example) preferential looking technique- when babies look at new stimuli for longer orienting reflex- the tendency for humans to pay more attention to new stimuli chilrens vision becomes more capable of perceiving visual detail when the cortex and cones develop over the first 6 months. Childrens ability to perceive depth develops bw 3 and a 12 and 6 months of age Text example: cat in the hat story read by pregnant women babies learn mothers voice in womb, then make sense of the world once born Children use schemas, which are conceptual models of how the world works Assimilation- when a new experience is placed into an existing schema Accomdation- when a schema is adapted or expanded to incorporate the new experience. www.notesolution.com
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