Textbook Notes (363,019)
Canada (158,147)
Psychology (2,948)
PSY100H1 (1,804)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 Study notes: Thinking and Intelligence

9 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 8: Thinking and Intelligence How does the Mind Represent Information -cognitive pyshology was originally based on the notion that the brain represent information, and that the act of thinking that is cognition is directly associated with manipulating these representation. -we use two basic types of representation every day, analogical and symbolic -Analogical representations have some characteristics of actual ojects, such as maps reflecting thephysical layout of geography or family tress indicating the degree of relationship between relatives. -Symbolic representations most often are words or ideas, such as knowing that the word violin stands for a musical object Mental Images Are Analogical Representations -we often appear to see visual images, which happens without consciously trying to do so. -several lines of evidence support the notion that representations take on such picture like qualities. -then these ares are likely responsible for providing the spatial aspects, such as size and shape, of analogical visual imagery. -These studies show that when we retrieve information from memory, as when we recall a picture we recently saw in a newspaper, the representation of that picture in our minds eye parallels the representation that was in our brain the frst time we saw the picture. Limits of Analogical Representations -the range of knowledge we can represent in this way is limited. -if something cannot be wholly perceived by our perceptual system, we cannot have a complete analogical representation of it. Concepts are Symbolic Representations -Much of our thinking reflects our general knowledge about objects in the world rather than simply their visual representations -symbolic representations consist of words and abstract ideas. -Grouping things together based on shared properties, known as categorization, reduces the amount of knowledge we must hold in memory and is therefore an efficient way of thinking. -Concept refers to a class or category that includes some number of individuals or subtypes. -concepts can be mental representatives of categories, such as musical instruments, fruits, or bachelors. -The notion that concepts are formed by defining attributes is called the defining attribute model. -according to this model, each concept is characterized by a list of features that are necessary to determine if an object is a member of a category. -Althought the defining attribute model is appealing, it fails to capture many key aspects of how we organize things in our heads. 1) the model suggest that membership within a category is on all or non basis, but in reality we often make exceptions in our categorizations. www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSY100H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.