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Chapter 16

Chapter 16 Textbook Summary

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 16 Cultural Psychology What is Culture 1 Culture Consists of Information Transmitted Through Learning o Much potential for misunderstanding and conflicto Culture is any kind of information acquired by individuals through imitative or social learning2 Some Aspects of Culture are Shaped by Other Species and Some are Unique to Humans o Humans are not unique in being able to learn cultural information but they stand out on how much cultural learning they can do and doing it better than any other species 3 Humans Have Evolved to Accumulate Cultural Information o Culture must have been adaptive for our human ancestorso The larger the average group size the larger the cerebral cortex ratio o Group living provides greater opportunities for social learning o Human brain evolved to become adept at learning info from others o Humans have a sophisticated communication skills that allows them to convey beliefs intentions and complex thoughts o Theory of Mind identify the intentions of fellow group members o Humans can accumulate cultural informationafter watching a model perform a behaviour humans can reproduce that behaviour and then improvise and add to that behaviour o Ability to accumulate cultural information and to create increasingly sophisticated complex and powerful tools has been and remains highly adaptive for humans What is Cultural Information 1 Cultural Psychology is the Study of How Culture Shapes Psychological Processes o Culture plays a prominent role in our mental lives o Cultural environments arise from the interactions between people and from the information that people share o Cultural environments are social environments on a larger scale o Most people rarely leave their own cultural environments o Experiences within a culture can shape psychological experiencesHow Does Culture Affect the Mind o Humans in all cultures normally are born with the same basic potentials o Universal psychological characteristics are shaped and expressed differently across cultures
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