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University of Toronto St. George

Chapter 1 Introduction to Psychological ScienceIntroCase1 Robert Dzikanski in airportEmotion memory decision making social interaction cultural differences prejudice group behavior mental traumaOfficers were acted like responding to a barroom brawlNot justified in using teasersWhat we want to study about the caseoEmotion statedecision makingoFrustration with not being understoodaggressive outburstsoAccuracy of defendantseyewitnessesoPrejudicegroup behavior beliefs Case2 Amadou DIallo in font of houseRacial attitudes stereotypesBrain imaging assessing changes in metabolic activity in the brain ie noting where blood flows as people process infoAmygdala detecting threats activation indicates a fear response using functional magnetic resonance imaging FMRIImplicit Attitudes Test IAT measures reaction time indirectly assesses how people associate positive and negative words with certain groups of people Increasing familiarity reduces fear responsereduce prejudice discriminationThe goal for psychology today is to understand people by considering bothIndividual factors how a persons brain processes information about othersContextual factors how societal beliefs shape how we behave toward other pplAnd explain effectively the most important human behaviors in reallife contextsFundamental aspects of behaviour biological individual social Psychological science Mind Mental activities perceptual experiences a person has while interacting with the world sensesMemory thoughts feelingsmind in actionBiological process of actions of nerve cells neuronschemical reactionsBrain Mind is what the brain does physical brain enables mindBehaviorwide variety of actions in all organismsObserving mind in actionstudy mental states consciousnessPsychological scientists try to figure out how people tick how people think feel and actWhat are the 7 THEMES of Psychological science1Psychology is an empirical scienceScientific method use objective systematic procedureaccurate understanding of what is being studiedCareful observations of natural worldGood science wellconducted research VS bad science flawed research2Naturenurture are inextricably entwinedAre psychological characteristics biological innate or acquired through education experience 12cultureScheizophrenia cause person to have unusual thoughts believing self is God or hearing voicesBipolar disorder cause person to have dramatic mood swingsBad parentingheriatablePosttraumatic stress disorder PTSD generally believed as result from traumatic events inherit gene can cause nurture to activate nature eg sean McTeagueMike3Brainmind are inseparable
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