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Chapter 7

chapter 7 summary

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 7- Memory H.M. has problems with memory due to seizure; part of brain removed (Temporal Lobe) Able to learn motor skills without himself realizing (cant remember the tasks he did before) Unable to Transfer Short Term memory into Long Term Memory Memory- The capacity of the nervous system to acquire and retain usable skills and knowledge, allowing living organisms to benefit from experiences. Modal Memory Model- The three-stages of memory system; Sensor input Sensory Memory Short Term Memory Long Term Memory Sensory Memory- Temporary memory; visual (Iconic Memory) and Audio (Echoic Memory). Allows us to view the world in a continuous stream George Sperling Experiment- Flashed 3 rows of letters for 120 second Results: Participants were able to do task well without further delay. Short Term Memory- Limited capacity memory system that holds information in awareness for a brief period of time. (ie RAM of computer) (7 +- 2 Memories) Memory Span and Chunking- Make the stuff meaningful and will be able to learn more productively. Working memory- An active processing system that keeps different types of information available for current use. (ie Baddeleys Working Memory System) Long Term Memory Central Executive (Coordinate Material) ( )Phonological Loop (Speech, words, numbers) ( ) Visuospatial sketchpad Central executive- encodes the information from the sensory system and then filters information that is sufficiently important to be stored in long term memory. Long Term Memory- the relatively permanent storage of information (unlimited space) Easier to recognize rather than Recall Serial Position Effect- Primacy Effect; better memory for items presented first. Recency Effect; better memory for items presented later Rehearsal allows information to become permanent. Distributed practice is better than massed practice (cramming) Evolutionary Theory helps explain how memory might be useful The selective advantage for survival are from past experiences. (recognize predators and avoid being eaten) Strategy for improving Memory Practice www.notesolution.com
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