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Chapter 13

Chapter 13stress.docx

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Dax Urbszat

Chapter 13 Stress Coping and Health The biopsychosocial model holds that physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological psychological and sociocultural factorsHealth psychology is concerned with how psychosocial factors relate to the promotion and maintenance of health and with the causation prevention and treatment of illnessThe nature of Stress Stress is any circumstances that threatens or are perceived to threaten ones well being and that thereby tax ones coping abilities Stress as an Everyday Event Researchers have found that the everyday problems and the minor nuisances of life are important forms of stressMajor stressful events like divorce can trigger a cascade of minor stressorsMinor stresses dont necessary produce minor effectsRoutine hassles may have significant harmful effects on mental and physical healthAppraisal Stress Lies in the Eye of the Beholder The experience of feeling stressed depends on what events one notices and how one chooses to appraise or interpret themOften people arent very objective in their appraisals of potentially stressful events Peoples appraisals of stressful events are highly subjectiveMajor Types of Stress The four principal types of stress are 1 frustration 2 conflict 3 change and 4 pressureFrustrationFrustration occurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some goal is thwartedExperience frustration when you want something and you cant have itSome frustrations can be sources of significant stressConflict Conflict occurs when two or more incompatible motivations or behavioral impulses compete for expressionConflicts come in 3 types avoidanceavoidance approachavoidance and approachapproachIn an approachapproach conflict a choice must be mad between two attractive goalsApproachApproach type of conflicts tends to be the least stressfulIn avoidanceavoidance conflict a choice must be made between two unattractive goalsThese types of conflicts are most unpleasant and highly stressful
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