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Chapter 10

Chapter 10 notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 10 Emotions and Health Elliot o After a benign tumor was removed from Elliots head with some remaining frontal lobe tissue left behind, he changed in a way that amazed many o Elliot displayed few emotional responses; he was not oblivious to his loss of emotion, he was able to report that he knew the pictures were disturbing and that before surgery he would have had an emotional response, but now he had none. o Cases above Elliot provide ample evidence about the role of various brain regions in producing and regulation emotional responses, and how we use emotional information Emotions are a primary source of motivation as we seek objects and activities that makes us feel good and avoid doing or saying things that make us feel bad Sometimes our emotions can overwhelm us, as when we become stressed by demands on our time Decisions and judgments are affected by how people feel; emotions are cognition which are completely intertwined. Emotions: are immediate responses to environment events such as being cut off in traffic It is useful to distinguish emotion from mood Mood: are diffuse and long-lasting emotional states that influence rather than interrupt thought and behavior. Mood reflects peoples perceptions of whether they have the personal resources necessary to meet environmental demands 1 www.notesolution.com As people become to be overwhelmed they become Stressed: a pattern of behavioral and physiological responses to events that match or exceed an organisms abilities Health Psychology: is the field of psychology science concerned with the events that affect physical well-being. o It is concerned with how people remain healthy when they become ill, and what they can do to regain their health. How are emotions Adaptive? Negative and positive experiences guide behavior that increases the probability of surviving and reproducing Emotions are adaptive because they prepare and guide behaviours, such as running away when your encounter something dangerous Facial Expressions Charles Darwin argued, that expressive characteristics were adaptive in all forms of life, from the dogs hard stare and exposed teeth when defending its land Emotional expressions are powerful non verbal communication The lower half of the face is more important than the upper half in communicating emotion In a class study Dunlap noted o The mouth better conveyed emotion that the eyes (positive effect), however the eyes are extremely important for the communication of emotion o If the whole face is presented at once, the mouth is the most important in determining how people perceive the emotional expression 2 www.notesolution.com
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