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PSY100H1 (1,804)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13 Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 13 J Disorders of Mind and Body Psychopathology is a disorder of the mind origins in psychological turmoil and biological dysfunction; thoughts and Z]}ZZKo]ZZL]L~Z]L Z]L[]Zo}}Zo]L7L LKL]LZ]L2Z]L different countries) Emil Kraepelin developed the first comprehensive categorization of mental illness Contributions: a) Not all patients suffered from the same disorder b) Identified mental disorders based on groups of symptoms that occurred together Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) a handbook of clinical disorders used for diagnosing st psychopathology; 1 edition was heavily influenced by Freudian psychoanalytic theory Multiaxial system is used in the DSM, and provides assessment along five axes describing important mental health factors Axis 1 J Clinical disorders that may be a focus of clinical attention eg. Schizophrenia, anxietysleepmood disorders Axis 2 J Mental retardation and personality disorders eg. Antisocial ParanoidBorderline personality disorder Axis 3 J General medical conditi}LZZKoL}KLo]Z}Z2: L 79l]LZ}L[Z7oZ]K[Z Axis 4 J Psychosocial and enviro problems that might affect the diagnosis and prognosis of mental disorders eg. Unemployment, divorce poverty) Axis 5 J Global assessment of functioning (social, psychological and occupational) Rated on a scale from 1 to 100 representing danger of hurting self or others and 100 meaning superior functioning in a wide range of areas Assessment LZ Z}o}27K]L]}L}Z}L[ZKLoZ in order to diagnose possible mental illness Goal of assessment is to make a diagnosis; the course and probable outcome is the prognosis; Mental Status Exam }]ZKLoZLZZ}}Z}L[ZZ Z}o}2] oL ]}L]L2 The clinical interview is the most common method of psychological assessment tend to be unstructured; topics of discussion vary as the interviewer probes different aspects of problems Structured interviews use standardized questions that are asked in the same order each time how a person answers each question is coded according to a predetermined formula eg. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID) Another assessment method is neuropsychological testing; client is asked to perform a certain activity like copying a picture, or drawing a design from memory each task requires certain ability such as planning, memory etc Psychological testing Objective vs. Projective tests; eg Beck Depression Inventory, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) which is the most widely used questionnaire for psychological assessment; has 10 clinical scales Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID); multiple personality disorder Family systems model: a diagnostic model that considers symptoms within an individual as indicating problems within the family eg. Genain quadruplets Sociocultural model: a diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of the interaction between individuals and their cultures eg. Schizophrenia more common amongst poor ppl, anorexia common among middlehigh class www.notesolution.com
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