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Psychology (2,948)
PSY100H1 (1,804)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14 Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 14 J Treating Disorders of Mind and Body Psychotherapy is the generic name given to formal psychological treatment eg. Cognitive-behavioural therapy Biological therapies are treatments based on the medical approach to illness and disease eg. Psychopharmacologythe use of medications that affect brain and bodily functions; proven to be very effective in treating mental disorders A limitation of biological therapy? Very effective in the short term; in the long term they require person to continue treatment Psychotherapy is based on psychological principles aimed at changing patterns of thought and behaviour Sigmund Freud; founding father in development of psych treatments believed that mental disorders are caused by prior experiences eg. Traumatic experiences; developed method of psychoanalysis with Josef Breuer Many techniques eg. Free association: patient says whatever comes to mind; dream analysis: therapists interprets hidden meanings of dreams General goal of psychoanalysis is to increaZ]LZ[LZZ}ZZL }LZ ]}Z} ZZZZ}Z ]o functioning Insight is the goal of some types of therapy; a patient[ZLZL]L2 of his or her own psych processes 9Z Z}LK] } ZZ]}LZ}[Z]L]]oideas Humanistic personality emphasizes personal experience and belief systems and the phenomenology of individuals Humanistic therapy focuses on treating the person as a whole. Eg. Client-centred therapy developed by Carl Rogers Client-centred therapy is an empathetic approach to therapy that encourages personal growth through greater self- understanding; key ingredient is a safecomfy setting for clients to access true feelings Reflective listening Z]ZZ o]L[Z }L LZ]L}}ZoZe person clarify his or her feelings Motivational interviewing happens over a very short period of time; valuable treatment for drug and alcohol abuse Insight-based therapies consider maladaptive behaviour to be the results of an underlying problem vs. Behavioural therapies see the behaviour itself as the problem Basic Premise is that behaviour is learned and therefore can be unlearned using classical and operant conditioning Behaviour modification is treatment in which principles of operant conditioning are used to reinforce desired behaviours and ignore or punish unwanted behaviours Exposure a behavioural therapy technique that involves repeated exposure to an anxiety-producing stimulus or situation avoidance response is eventually extinguished Systematic desensitization an exposure technique that pairs the anxiety-producing stimulus with relaxation techniques Cognitive therapy is the treatment based on the idea that distorted thoughts produce maladaptive behaviours and emotions Cognitive restructuring is a therapy that strives to help patients recognize maladaptive thought patterns and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are more in tune with reality; developed by Aaron Beck www.notesolution.com
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