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Chapter 15

Chapter 15 Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 15 J Social Psychology and Emotions Most important lesson of soc psych ppl underestimate the power of situations in affecting human behaviour We tend to overemphasize the importance of personality traits and underestimate the importance of situation fundamental attribution error Attributions are explanations for behaviour Social Psychology ]Z }L L]ZZ}o]LoL }Zo[ZZ}2ZZ7o]L2ZL ]}LZ how we perceive ourselves, how we function in groups, why we hurthelp pplfall in love etc Two important themes: 1) we tend to vastly underestimate the power of situation in shaping behaviour 2) A great deal of mental activity occurs automatically and without conscious awareness or intent Self- concept is the full story of knowledge that ppl have about themselves Self-awareness is a state in which the sense of self ]ZZ}E }L]}L8} ZZLZ^_Z]LlZ}Z^K_ Shelley Duval and Robert Wicklund introduced the theory of objective self-awareness self awareness leads ppl to act in accordance with their personal values and beliefs Tory Higgins self- discrepancy theory states that the awareness of differences between personal standards and goals leads to strong emotions Self- awareness is highly dependent on the normal development of the frontal lobes; damaged patients tend to be only minimally self-reflective and seldom report daydreamingother forms of introspection socialmotivational impairments that interfere with job performance Cocktail party effect shows that info about self is processed deeply, thoroughly, and automatically Self- schema (Hazel Markus): the cognitive aspect of the self-concept,, consisting of an integrated set of memories, beliefs and generalizations about the self; helps filter info and consists of aspects of your personality that are important to you Since people act in accordance with their self-concepts, different situations elicit different behaviours because the situation activated different aspects of the self-concept When answering the question: Who am I? Ppl are likely to mention characteristics about themselves that are distinctive Fundamentally different from OR inherently connected to other ppl? 2:JZLZL}^]LLL_L}L}K}Z7ZZZ]L2]L]]o]7whereas Easterners tend to be more ^]LLL_7ZZZ]L2Z]ZLZ}]L2} }oo ] Interdependent self-construals are self concepts determined largely by social rules and personal relationships eg. Kids that are taught to follow group norms, be obedient to parents etc Independent self-construals; a view of the self as separate from others, emphasizing self-reliance and the pursuit of personal success (even at the expense of interpersonal relationships) (Western Attitude) Self-esteem is the evaluative aspect of the self-concept; referring to whether ppl perceive themselves as worthy or unworthy, good or bad o[ZK}]}LoZ}LZZZ }LKolo] Z ]Z] Z}ZKZoZ www.notesolution.com
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