PSY210 - Chapter 1
- child psychology trace the growing child’s development from the stage of embryo in the
mother’s womb to the stage of adolescence.
WHAT IS DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
- developmental psychology - is concerned with the changes in behavior and abilities
that occur as development proceeds. (branch of psychology
- they examine what changes are and why they occur
- 2 basic goals: description - to identify children’s behavior at each point in
their development. e.g. when do babies begin to detect colors? what do
5-yr olds understand about the mind? how do adolescents usually re-
solve conflicts with their peers. explanation - determining the causes and
processes that produce changes in behavior from one point to the next.
This involves examining the effects of factors e.g. genes, biological char-
acteristics of the brain, social environment the children live in, types of
expereinces they encounter.
- developmental psychologists study behavior changes in all phases of the life cycle. but
mainly focused on childhood period and ending in adolescence.
WHY STUDY CHILDREN
- Period of rapid development: researchers are interested in studying change, hence fo-
cused on the period where most change occurs. more development takes place during
childhood, in terms of physical growth, social interaction, acquisition of language, mem-
ory abilities, etc.
- Long-term influences: events and experiences of early years strongly affect an individ-
ual’s later development.
- Insight into complex adult processes: it is easier to study children as they are less