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Psychology (2,981)
PSY220H1 (200)
Chapter 5

PSY 220 CH.5 summary.docx

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY220H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman

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Description
PSY 220 CH5Social Attribution Explaining BehaviourObservers are more likely to attribute actions to properties of a person The person is more inclined to attribute the same action to situational factorsAttribution theory An umbrella term used to describe the set of theoretical accounts of how people assign causes to the events around them and the effects that peoples casual assessments haveFrom Acts to Dispositions Inferring the Causes of BehaviourCasual attribution Linking an event to a cause such as inferring that a personality trait was responsible for a behaviourThe Pervasiveness and Importance of Casual AttributionAttributions are a constant part of lifeSystematic research on casual attribution has shown that peoples explanations have tremendous consequences in a number of areas including health and educationExplanatory Style and AttributionExplanatory style A persons habitual way of explaining events typically assessed along 3 dimensions internalexternal stableunstable and globalspecificChris Peterson and Martin Seligman asks groups to pick 6 different good and bad situations and answer questions about the causes Is it due to something I did will it happen again and will it influence other aspects of our lives The answers are all combined to form an overall explanatory style index which is then correlated with an outcome variable of interestThey also tested to see if there was a correlation between an explanatory style and health Explanatory style during young adulthood is a significant predicator of physical health later in lifeAttributions about ControllabilityPeople can be trained to adopt more productive attributional tendencies for academic outcomes Doing so has beneficial effects on subsequent academic performanceGender and Attribution StyleBoys are more likely than girls to attribute their failures to lack of effort and girls are more likely to attribute their failures due to lack of ability This is partly due to the way things are laid out in school boys being told that is messy where as girls being told that is not rightArgued that girls learn that criticism means that they arent lack intellectual ability whereas boys learn that criticism means they havent worked hard enough or paid enough attention to detailThe Processes of Casual AttributionOnly by knowing the cause of a given event can we grasp the true meaning of what has happened and anticipate what is likely to happen nextA particularly important focus of attributional analysis is determining whether an outcome is the product of something within a person internal or dispositional cause or a reflection of something about the contextcircumstances external or situational cause
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