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Chapter 6

PSY 220 CH.6 summary.docx

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Dan Dolderman

PSY 220 CH6EmotionSympathy breakthroughs are common during combat scenarios Sympathy is a powerful trigger for altruistic behaviourEmotions are important guide of thoughts and actionsOnce set in motion emotions trigger action they impel people to respond to specific goals threats and opportunities in the environmentAlthough emotions can disrupt sound reasoning and make people behave irrationally they can also aid in reason and are vital to healthy relationships sound functioning and effective pursuit of the good lifeCharacterizing EmotionEmotions Brief specific psychological and physiological responses that help humans meet goals many of which are socialFacial expressions of emotion typically last 15 seconds The physiological responses to emotion last dozens of seconds or minutes Moods can last hours or days Emotional disorders can last monthsEmotions are specific we feel emotions about specific people or events What our emotion is focuses on can be called its intentional objectEmotions typically help individuals achieve their social goals They motivate us to act in a certain way and often result in stronger social relationshipsThe Components of EmotionEmotions involve many components and the claims scientists have made about emotions depend on what component of emotion is in focusWilliam James saw emotions as shifts in bodily responses sweating heart racing etcCharles Darwin saw emotions as being defined by their expressive behavioursAppraisal process The ways people evaluate events and objects in their environment based on their relation to current goalsCorerelational themes Distinct themes such as danger or offense or fairness that define the core of each emotionConsensus is that emotions arise as a result of appraisal processesThe appraisals that trigger different emotions corerelational themes are fairly similar across culturesPrimary appraisal stage An initial automatic positive or negative evaluation of ongoing events based on whether they are congruent or incongruent with an individuals goalsSecondary appraisal stage A subsequent evaluation in which people determine why they feel the way they do about an event consider possible ways for responding to the event and weigh future consequence of different courses of actionAppraisal processes get emotions going Once underway emotions involve several response systemsSpecific emotions can involve neurotransmitter release Emotions can cause respiratory cardiovascular muscle and even immune system responses
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