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Chapter 3

PSY 220 CH.3 summary.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY220H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman
Semester
Winter

Description
PSY 220 CH3The Methods Social SelfReality is subjective a product of our construals and interpretations of the social worldOur self is in part a product of our construals yet the self is fundamentally social in natureNature of the Social SelfStudy of self usually begins with William James He coined the term social me to refer to the parts of selfknowledge that are derived from social relationshipsA person can be different depending on the context and who they are around3 primary components of the self individual self relational self and collective selfIndividual self Beliefs about our unique personal traits abilities preferences tastes talents and so forth Relational self Beliefs about our identities in specific relationships Eg doting husband black sheep etcCollective self Beliefs about our identities as members of social groups to which we belong Eg IrishCanadian Libertarian etcRelational and collective selves include beliefs about the roles duties and obligation each of us assume in specific relationships and groupsOrigins of SelfKnowledgeFamily and Other Socialization AgentsFamily and teachers in kids lives teach them what is appropriate behaviour and attitudes Done directly through telling them share take turns etc as well as indirectly through exampleSocializing agents can shape who we becomeSymbolic interactionist is the notion that we come to know ourselves through imagining how others think of usReflected selfappraisals Beliefs about what others think of our social selvesThe reactions of others dictate partially what we do which can also come to define usOur reflected selfappraisals often do not correlate with how others actually see usSelfviews often affect reflected selfappraisals rather than the other way aroundLieberman looked at which areas of the brain are active during which reflections Prefrontal cortex was active during selfreferential cognition and during reflected selfappraisal areas like the temporalparietal junction were also activeAlso found that adolescents relied more on reflected selfappraisal than adultsBox 31Siblings fight but have evolved so that they occupy different niches within the family so that they can hopefully remain peaceful with each otherOldest siblings are often larger and more powerful often acting as surrogate parentsYounger siblings can no longer fill the role of the established child so they tend to find ways to challenge the family status quoSituationism and the Social Self
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