Textbook Notes (369,035)
Canada (162,359)
Psychology (2,981)
PSY220H1 (200)
Chapter 3

CH3 Textbook Notes

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Jennifer Fortune

CHAPTER 3 SOCIAL COGNITION: THINKING ABOUT PEOPLE - categorization: the process of recognizing and identifying something. The most basic process we use to understand and structure our world - we constantly identify objects around us so we can know how to behave - social cognition: the study of how information about people is processed and stored - generally thought to be two basic motives underlying human information processing - to perceive the world accurately - view the self positively How Does the Mind Work? Schemas: The Building Blocks of the Mind - to understand the mind, we are less interested in its physicalbiological elements than we are in its underlying theoretical elements - schemas: mental representations of objects or categories of objects - or concepts, they contain the principle features of the object or category and simple assumptions or theories about how it functions - Baldwin (1992) relational schemas: schemas for specific interpersonal interactions - much of a childs early learning involves forming schemas Categorization - basic function of schemas is to categorize objects in ways that impose meaning and predictability - we must identify (categorize) anything before we can behave effectively toward it - occurs automatically and effortless with majority of things encountered everyday - allows us to form impressions and make decisions quickly and efficiently, without having to think carefully about every object we encounter Going Beyond the Information Given - when we categorize something, we assume it possesses the characteristics of the schema even if we cant perceive them directly - we infer other, non-visible characteristics Selective Information Processing - schemas influence how information is processed - Cohen (1981) participants watched videotape of woman having a birthday dinner - half of participants told (before watching) the woman was a server at a local coffee shop and the other half fold she was a librarian - schema of server or librarian was activated which influenced what participants noticed and recalled whether assess immediately or up to a week later - schemas also influence interpretation of information - ambiguous information is interpreted in accordance with the schema - anything that obvious contradicts our expectancies will grab our attention www.notesolution.com
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