Textbook Notes (362,796)
Canada (158,054)
Psychology (2,948)
PSY220H1 (200)
Chapter 3

CH3 Textbook Notes

7 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Jennifer Fortune

CHAPTER 3 SOCIAL COGNITION: THINKING ABOUT PEOPLE - categorization: the process of recognizing and identifying something. The most basic process we use to understand and structure our world - we constantly identify objects around us so we can know how to behave - social cognition: the study of how information about people is processed and stored - generally thought to be two basic motives underlying human information processing - to perceive the world accurately - view the self positively How Does the Mind Work? Schemas: The Building Blocks of the Mind - to understand the mind, we are less interested in its physicalbiological elements than we are in its underlying theoretical elements - schemas: mental representations of objects or categories of objects - or concepts, they contain the principle features of the object or category and simple assumptions or theories about how it functions - Baldwin (1992) relational schemas: schemas for specific interpersonal interactions - much of a childs early learning involves forming schemas Categorization - basic function of schemas is to categorize objects in ways that impose meaning and predictability - we must identify (categorize) anything before we can behave effectively toward it - occurs automatically and effortless with majority of things encountered everyday - allows us to form impressions and make decisions quickly and efficiently, without having to think carefully about every object we encounter Going Beyond the Information Given - when we categorize something, we assume it possesses the characteristics of the schema even if we cant perceive them directly - we infer other, non-visible characteristics Selective Information Processing - schemas influence how information is processed - Cohen (1981) participants watched videotape of woman having a birthday dinner - half of participants told (before watching) the woman was a server at a local coffee shop and the other half fold she was a librarian - schema of server or librarian was activated which influenced what participants noticed and recalled whether assess immediately or up to a week later - schemas also influence interpretation of information - ambiguous information is interpreted in accordance with the schema - anything that obvious contradicts our expectancies will grab our attention www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSY220H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.