Textbook Notes (368,836)
Canada (162,194)
Psychology (2,981)
PSY220H1 (200)

CH5 Textbook Notes

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Jennifer Fortune

CHAPTER 5 THE PERSON IN THE SITUATION: SELF-CONCEPT, GENDER AND DISPOSITIONS Self Concept and Identity - dispositions are consistencies across time and settings in a specific type of feeling, thought, andor action, which make individuals different from other people - self-esteem: peoples judgments of their own worthiness Who Am I? The Self in Me - self-concept refers to all information about the self in memory - contains memories of ones past behaviour, expectations for ones future - identify refers to characteristics that individuals think define them and make up their most important qualities Attitudes, Gender, and Dispositions - attitudes and values e.g. conservative or liberal, religious or non-religious - social comparison is a way that we evaluate and define ourselves - with self-perception, we infer our attitudes and feelings from our own experiences and behaviour Priming and Situational Distinctiveness - spontaneous self-concept: aspects of identity that are in conscious awareness at a given point in time - changes in response to personal and situational factors - accessibility of a particular feature of the self will depend on how recently it has been activated - McGuire and colleagues hypothesized that people are more aware of a specific characteristic when it makes them distinctive from other people in the situation - study involving interviewing school children shoed that they were much more likely to mention their sex in a self-description when the opposite sex were the majority at home - study involving interviewing grade 6 students showed they were more likely to mention characteristics of themselves that were relatively unusual Is It Me or We? Social Identity Theory - proposed by Henri Tajfel hypothesizing that an important component of individuals identity comes from their group membership - assume that we maintain a positive group identity by judging our groups to be superior to other groups - minimal group paradigm: method in which participants are divided into groups based on trivial features or information www.notesolution.com
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