Textbook Notes (368,531)
Canada (161,958)
Psychology (2,981)
PSY240H1 (130)
S.Cassin (31)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4 Key Terms & Notes

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Chapter Four Assessing and Diagnosing Abnormality Assessment: the process of gathering information about peoples symptoms and the possible causes of those symptoms. Information gathered in assessment is used to determine appropriate diagnosis Diagnosis: a label attached to a set of symptoms that tend to occur with one another. Differential diagnosis: a determination of which of several possible disorders an individual may be suffering. Acculturation: The extent, to which a person identifies with his or her group of origin and its culture or with the dominant, mainstreams culture. Assessment tools include: Clinical interviews Unstructured interview: few, open-ended questions, such as tell me about yourself. The clinician will listen and observe the clients Structured interview: clinician asks the respondent a series of questions about symptoms he or she is experiencing or has experienced in the past. Resistance: disadvantage of interviews client can resist if they do not want to be assessed or treated, for example if parents make a teenager go for the assessment. Validity: accuracy of a test in assessing what it is supposed to measure best way to test validity is to see if the results of the test yield the same info as an objective and accurate indicator of what the test is supposed to measure Face validity: test appears to measure what it is supposed to measure Content validity: test assesses all important aspects of a phenomenon that it purports to measure Concurrent validity: the extent to which a test yields same results as other measures of the same behaviour, thoughts, or feelings Predictive validity: test predicts the behaviour it is supposed to measure how person will think, act, or feel in the future Construct validity: the extent to which the test measures what it is supposed to measure, not something else altogether. www.notesolution.com
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