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Ch15 Textbook Notes

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CHAPTER 15 EATING DISORDERS study on Canadian students from grades 6 8 10at each grade levels more girls than boys thought they needed to lose weightthis proportion increases over grade levels almost half at grade 10rates of dieting and weight dissatisfaction continue to increase in adolescent girlsdriving force is the desire to be more attractive and increase selfesteemtraditionally women have felt more pressure than men to be very thinin recent years there has been increased emphasis on men attaining a superfit lookAnorexia NervosaDiagnosis Prevalence and Prognosisdiagnosis requires a person refuse to maintain a body weight that is healthy and normal for their age and heightweight must be at least 15 below minimum healthy weightweight loss causes amenorrhea absence of menstrual cycles at least 3 consecutivehave intense fear of becoming fat distorted images of their bodybelieve they are good and worthwhile only when they have complete control over their eating and when they are losing weightlife time prevalence of about 1 9095 are femaleusually begins in adolescence 1519medical complications cardiovascular complications acute expansion of the stomach bone strength due to low estrogen levels kidney damageTypes of Anorexia Nervosarestricting type refuse to eat to prevent weight gainbingepurge type involve periodic bingeing or purging behavioursdifferent from bulimia nervosa 1 must be at least 15 below healthy body weight 2 development of amenorrheapeople with restricting type are more likely to have deep feelings of mistrust of others and a tendency to deny they have a problempeople with bingepurge anorexia are more likely to have unstable moods and impulse controlBulimia Nervosa uncontrollable bingeing followed by behaviours designed to prevent weight gain from bingesDSMIVTR defines binges as occurring in a discrete period of time 12 hours and involve eating an amount of food larger than most people would eat in a similar time and circumstances
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