Textbook Notes (368,450)
Canada (161,883)
Psychology (2,971)
PSY240H1 (130)
S.Cassin (31)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7

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Chapter 7 Anxiety DisordersFears of people with anxiety disorders are severe lower quality of their lives are chronic and frequent enough to interfere with their functioning out of proportion to dangers they truly faceFour types of symptoms that make up anxiety y Physiologicalsomatic symptomsex muscle tension stomach pain need to urinate y Emotional symptomsex sense of fearfulness and watchfulnessy Cognitive symptomsex unrealistic worries that something bad is happeningabout toy Behavioural symptoms ex avoids situations because of their fears Distinctions bw adaptive fear adaptive response to a threat and maladaptive anxietyy In adaptive peoples concerns are realistic given the circumstances but in maladaptive their concerns are unrealistic ex think they may keel over and die which is highly unlikely y In adaptive amount of fear in proportion to reality of threat in maladaptive amount of fear out of proportion to harm threat could cause ex avoid class for fear of being called ony In adaptive fear response subsides when threat ends but in maladaptive concern is persistent when a threat passes may have a great deal of anticipatory anxiety about the future ex continuously worrying about parents health even though theyre better nowAnxietys prominent in many psychological disorders those who have one of the anxiety disorders are at an increased risk for another Neurosisanxiety aroused by unconscious conflicts couldnt be quelled or channelled by defence mechanismscould take the form of anxiety depression hypocondriasis etc People tend to have a general tendency towards anxiety from a very early age tendency referred to as neuroticism negative affectivity or behavioural inhibition those with high levels of these become anxiousdepressed easily in response to stressors Parents of anxious kids tend to be overprotective controlling and intrusivethe kids perceive the parents as being less accepting of them parents tend to be anxious themselves PANIC DISORDERPanic attacksshort but intense periods where you experience many symptoms of anxiety heart palpitations trembling feeling of choking dizziness intense dread etccauses intense feardiscomfort feeling of losing controlgoing crazydyingMost commonly these attacks are related to certain situations but not alwaysPanic disordersomeone begins worrying about an attack and changes behaviour as a result of this worryMany with this disorder tend to also suffer from chronic generalized anxiety depression and alcohol abusemay be at increased risk for suicide attemptssome develop agoraphobiaTheories of Panic Disorder The Role of GeneticsPanic disorder appears to run in familiesabout 10 of the firstdegree relatives of people with stthe disorder also have it only 2 of 1 degree relatives without the disorder have it
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