Textbook Notes (363,559)
Canada (158,426)
Psychology (2,948)
PSY311H1 (5)
all (1)

socal psychology.doc

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George

Social Psychology Rosenthal and Jacobsen (1968) • Students were told that some randomly distributed students were on the edge of an intellectual burst (jump ahead). • The comments from the experimenters were fictitious (no sig. difference between two groups) • The kids identified at the edge of this intellectual jump • They were actually of normal IQ, etc. • The assigned kids when placed in a advanced class showed a 10 to 15 increase in their IQ points • The belief of false expectations (based upon teacher strategies, i.e. bias towards children with label that children were of higher intelligence) i.e. a self-fulfilling prophesy and role of stereotypes and there effects on performance • Individuals will live up to the expectations that are set for them especially in settings where the person with the expectation is higher social order or higher dominance • Expectancies do affect our behavior - Self-fulfilling prophesy may not have as much power as what individuals actually believe - Stereotype vulnerability (i.e. social interactions expectations will elicit the response that we are looking for) All attitudes have an affective component • When applied to social prejudice, it has a negative emotional-laden judgment All attitudes have a behavior intention • inclination to act • social prejudice; to discriminate or an inclination to discriminate All attitudes have a cognition (thought) • Belief regarding the attitudes However, beliefs can be wrong. Thus, attitudes can be wrong. This idea is the premise of stereotypes (i.e. a stereotype is not an attitude but a belief. If it is not accompanied by an affective component, or a behavioral intention, then a stereotype is belief). • Grouping categories is a form of stereotyping (assimilation/accommodation in Piaget stages) • We act in a certain way to be stereotyped (generally positive). Stereotyping is reinforcing for the individual and is the basic capacity of the brain. Classification and discrimination. We allow people to make conclusions about ourselves based upon the stereotypes • Stereotyping is important especially in small children when the capacity to differentiate is limited. (differentiating would ultimately be tied to the capacity to distinctly label different things) • Stereotypes can be broken down Patricia Devine: • low in social prejudice, individuals will stereotype at the same level or just as much as individuals with higher social prejudices • This reflects an overall innate capacity of the brain, especially the frontal lobe, to generalizes stimuli into categories of similarities and identity • The difficulty with stereotyping or overgeneralization is the nominal over- inclusiveness of the process Gender differences are stereotypes that are taken to a statistically significant extreme • They reflect a continuum • Women are more nurturing? B.S. What evidence is there? What is there relative accuracy of the statement? Can expressed attitudes predict behavior? Yes, but depends. A difficulty in prediction is the compartmentalization of behaviors into appropriate context, i.e. the appropriate stimulus (social influence) is revealed • Social pressures will influence how an individual will respond (reveal their real attitudes) because of their negative consequences • Racial prejudice will be expressed more likely when the social influences of the attitudes are minimized, i.e. the negative reinforcement is negligible. Social desirability bias • Expressed attitudes may also not be actual attitudes. Bogus Pipeline Procedure, such negative racial attitudes, they will not be inclined to express them because of the social inappropriateness. Force the individual into a situation where you make the individual think that you have a priori knowledge on there actual attitudes and then “trick” them into expressing there negative attitudes. The bogus pipeline is a procedure used to elicit truthful attitudes in situations where social desirability effects (i.e., subjects’ desire to express socially acceptable opinions) may mask actual attitudes. The procedure involves attaching subjects (via skin electrodes) to an ostensible physiological recording device called the “electromyograph" (EMG) and providing subjects with a “steering wheel" device to record their attitudes. In a typical study, subjects were told that the EMG measured implicit muscle potentials and that it was an improved polygraph or “lie detector." The recording d
More Less

Related notes for PSY311H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.