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Chapter 4

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY322H1
Professor
William Huggon
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 4: The Prejudiced Personality PSYCHODYNAMIC PERSPECTIVES  Authoritarianism Rigid personality characterized by categorical thinking, submissiveness to authority, and adherence to middle-class values. These individuals tend to dislike anyone who is different from themselves and thus tend to have stereotypes and prejudice toward many groups.  Parents tend to be strict disciplinarians, and patterns of prejudice in child and upbringing tends to be common  Character-conditioned prejudice  (Allport) believed prejudiced personality comes from the individual feeling threatened and insecure of everything and thus, develop a prejudiced view of others as a way of projecting their fears and self-doubts onto others  Problems with the psychodynamic approach 1) Researchers became critical of psychoanalytic approaches to personality 2) Authoritarian personality was concluded to be unsatisfactory under scientific standards  Measures of authoritarianism F (facism), A-S (anti-semitism), E (ethnocentrism) was unclear 3) Theory only explained prejudice in small subset of population and did not explain why many people who didn’t have an authoritarian personality did show prejudice toward at least one other group  Right-wing authoritarianism  Personality style in which the individual tends to be: 1) Politically conservative 2) More punitive toward criminals 3) More likely to endorse orthodox religious views 4) Very prejudiced toward outgroups  These individuals are both fearful and self-righteous RELIGION  Research shows that there’s a positive correlation of being more religious and having less tolerance & more stereotyped cognitions about others  Committed religiosity: religious viewpoint allowing an individual to hold a wide range of categories about which one can evaluate the world, and one’s ideas about the world and others tend to be more complex and open-minded VS Consensual religiosity: religious viewpoint in which the individual i
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