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Chapter 1

PSYC 2410DE -Chapter 1 Textbook .docx

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University of Toronto St. George

Chapter 1Biopsychology as a Neuroscience WHAT IS BIOPSYCHOLOGY Biopsychology is the scientific study of the biology of behavior Psychologyis the scientific study of behavior eg learning memory motivation perception and emotionThe Organization of Behavior by DO Hebb was known to play a key role in the emergence of biopsychologyProposed the first theory on how psychology phenomenas eg emotions thoughts memories might be produced by brain activity Helped discredit the notion that psychological functions were too complex to be derived from physiological and chemical activities of the brain WHAT IS THE RELATION BETWEEN BIOPSYCHOLOHY AND OTHER DISCIPLINES OF NEUROSCIENCEBiopsychology is an integrative discipline Biopsychologists draw together knowledge from other neuroscience disciplines and apply it to the study of behavior oNeuroanatomythe study of the structure of the nervous systemoNeurochemistrythe study of the chemical bases of neural activity oNeuroendocrinologythe study of interactions between the nervous system and endocrine system oNeuropathologythe study of nervous system disorders oNeuropharmacologythe study of the effects of drugs on neural activity oNeurophysiologythe study of the functions and activities of the nervous systemWHAT TYPE OF RESEARCH CHARACTERIZE THE BIOPSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH SubjectsHuman or nonhuman oNonhumanare most commonly rats but can also be mice cats dogs etchave three advantages over human subjects The brains and behavior of nonhuman subjects are simpler than human subjects therefore nonhuman subjects are more likely to revel brainbehavior interactionsInsights arise from the comparative approachmaking comparisons with other species There are fewer ethical restrictions oHumanshave several advantages over nonhuman subjects They can follow instructions They can report their subject experiences
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