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PSY341H1 (32)
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Chapter 6

PSY341 Chapter 6.pdf

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PSY341 CHAPTER 6DESCRIPTION OF CONDUCT PROBLEMSMost hidden from publicIncreased over 25 yearsMost lethal forms of youth violence USA dec since 1994But prevalence of AB other forms remains highProportion of F involved incHigh School Survey o 36 physical fight past year o 26 carrying weapon past monthHigh prevalence of youth with conduct problemsBackground that suggests o Social isolation and rejection o Unusual social beh o Fascination with violent themesConduct Problems and ABConduct problems and ABWide range of ageinappropriate actions and attitudesViolateo Fam expectations o Societal norms o Personal or property rights of othersMinor wining swearingserious assaultFreq grow in unfortunately fam and neigh Exposed to o Physical abuse o Neglect o Poverty o Criminal activityCONTEXT COSTS AND PERSPECTIVESContextBreaking rules normal timetotime o 70 consumed alcohol o 50 smoked cigarettes o 50 smoked marijuana o Only 6 refrain from ABAB appear then decline in normal devtMot toddlers hit kick lie etcBut most also learn to control by time enter school50 parents report this AB in their preschoolers But only 10 in adolescentsShows lack of awarenessBut teens also report AB decreases with ageImportant Features of AB in Context of Normal DevtVary in severity minor disobediencefightingSome decrease with age others increase with age and opportunity o Even though dec with age children whoa re most physically aggressive in early childhood maintain relative standing over time o Persistent fightingstable in M difference narrows during adolescenceSocial and Economic CostsMost costly MH problemEarly persistent and extreme pattern of AB only 5 childrenAccount for 50 all crime in USAAnd 3050 clinic referrals More teenagers die from firearm injuries than all diseases2x likely as adults to be victims of violenceMost often by other teens20 MH expenditures attributable to crime10000yearchild2M cost for one youth to leave HS for life of crime and SAPerspectivesLegalPsychologicalPsychiatricPublic healthLegalConduct problems defined as delinquent or criminal actsJuvenile delinquency children who have broken a law thefthomicideExclude AB of very young childrenImp to distinguish official delinquency from selfreported delinquencyYouth involved in criminal activities commonSo must ask whether these behs understandable adaptations to hostile envtSelfdefense most common reason for weaponNo clear boundariesSome criminal behs in MH defnsLegal defnone or two actsMH defnpersistent pattern of ABThus only subject of legal delinquents will also be MH delinquents PsychologicalFrom psychological perspectiveCP fall along continuous dimensionOf externalizing behIncludes mixture of impulsive overactive aggressive rulebreaking actsChildren at upper extremeCP1 or more SD above meanExternalizing dimension consists of 2 related but independent subdimensions o Rulebreaking behRun away set fires steal skip school alcohol and drugs vandalism o Aggressive behFighting destructiveness disobedience showing off being defiant threatening others disruptive at school2 additional independent dimensions of antisocial beh identified o Overcovert dimensionOvertvisible acts fighting to convert hidden acts lyingOvert ABTend to be negative irritable and resentfulIn reactions to hostile situationsAnd experience higher levels of fam conflictCovert ABLes socialMore anxious and suspicious of others
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