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CH 10 Cognitive Therapies.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Neil Rector

CH 10 Cognitive TherapiesREBT Theory of PersonalityEllis A rationalemotive explanation of personality is almost as easy as ABC At point A are the Activating events of life such as rejection by a lover or failure to get into a graduate program Point B represents the Beliefs that individuals use to process the activating events in their lives These beliefs can be rational rB such as believing that the rejection was unfortunate and regrettable or that the failure was annoying and unpleasant The beliefs can also be irrational iB such as thinking I will never be loved again At point C the person exp the emotional and behavioral Consequences of what has just occurredREBT points to processes within the person as the critical determinants of personality functioning It is not the activating events A that are crucial but rather the persons perceptions and interpretations of the events That is B leads directly to CREBT Theory of PsychopathologyWhat is common to these irrational beliefs is a demanding and absolute mode of thinking characteristic of young childrenThe irrational beliefs iBs and dysfunctional attitudes DAs that constitute peoples selfdisturbing philosophies then possess two main qualities oFirst they have at their core rigid dogmatic powerful demands usually expressedintheverbsmustshouldoughttohavetoandgottooSecond the selfdisturbing philosophies usually as derivatives of these demands generate highly unrealistic and overgeneralized attributions This is catastrophizingREBT Therapeutic ProcessesEffective new philosophyTo identify the irrational beliefs causing the presenting symptoms to dispute them vigorouslyto replace them with more rational beliefs that constitute an effective new philosophy of life Clients and therapists work together to raise the clients level of consciousness from a childish demanding and absolute style of thinking to the logical empirical and probabilistic style of processing informationConsciousness RaisingClients soon learn that their favorite beliefs and biases are not accepted by the teachertherapist just because the client presents the belief in an absolute or demanding wayThe therapist can anticipate the nature of the underlying beliefs based on the activating events and inappropriate consequences1
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