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Chapter 18-19

psy450- chapters 18- 19 richards.docx

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RICHARDS Chapter 18Initially psychology saw no need to differentiate bc sexes regarding basic processes such as perception memory and learning although sex diff was already assertedWhite Males were primary interest of focus and considered the mornBw 18501950 attitudes towards women were stereotypicalScale took the stereotypical gendertrait as unproblematicGender remained side issue until 1950s until it expanded rapidly in the 1960s with the rivial of feminism which was also a period whereof women entering disciple rose1969 ratio of psych students in Britain was 6040 for men and in 2001 8020 for womenthus cultural preoccupations with the position of women and their rise into discipleAlthough prior to 1960s psychology paid women relatively little explicit attention psychoanalytic schools were major exceptionsStarting in the midnineteenth century idealization and infantilisation of women particularly middleclass women was at a high pitchCompared to Victorian men Victorian women were weaker more emotional less rational more aesthetically sensitive more prone to hysteria superficially spiritual and talked too muchMuch of a womans place was in the homePsychological texts on women were non existent before 1890sIn 1901 Otto Weininger wrote Sex and Character describing women as simply as having no soul or ego existing from totally different level of consciousness from that of male being incapable of genius logical thought possessing neither free will nor genuine moralityand when they did display these they were only imitating menpMother and prostitutes are two forms to which female character tendsthis is embodied and emerges from a metaphysical systemOttos telling gave rise to other men to continue to write about females in this mannerWomens brains were seen as smaller with less developed frontal lobes as men hence their poorer reasoning and weaker willsWomen by being biologically tied to basic instinctual functions esp reproduction and child rearing they were simply less neurological hence psychological than menPsychiatric evidence endorsed this image women being esp prone to hysteria widely believed to reflect a less wellintegrated nervous systemit is in the setting of the doctorpatient relationship that women first receive intensive psychological scrutiny around 1900 and nowhere more so on Freuds couchthe views of psychiatrists including Freud agreed Elliss Man and Woman 1896 revised and reprinted up to 1914 is a critical review of all the available data on sex differenceregarding brain size he affirms that it is relative not absolute brain size which is relevantand finds that when bodyweightbrain size ratio is used women emerge as having slightly LARGER brains this finding still stand todayEllis held womens sense of smell to be inferior to men and their tastesense is superiornot true though
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