Textbook Notes (368,501)
Canada (161,931)
Religion (72)
RLG100Y1 (54)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3- WT.doc

4 Pages
122 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Religion
Course
RLG100Y1
Professor
Walid Saleh
Semester
Fall

Description
World Religion- September 17th 2012- Chapter 3 Judaism:historical religious tradition - ethical monotheism ( fundamental terms) - Abraham was called by God RitualInitiation: Bar Mitzvah- coming of age ritual at 13 the young person can now be accounted for religious practices and has a sense of moral responsibility Sabbath- Saturday is the day of rest Synagogue- jewish house of meeting and worship Pentateuch: 5 books of moses which make up the first section of the bible ( teenagers read from this at bar mitzvah) - temple is fundamental because all the rituals would take place in the temple DefiningJudaism: 3JEWISHcharacteristics: 1. God is unique who manifested himself in moses on mt sinai- God revealed the torah on mt sinai 2. 5 books of moses - these books over everything 3. Jews consider themselves to be the people of Israel ( historical continuation) -Judaism gave rise to Christianity and Islam - smallest world religion - Jews have said yes tot heir ethnic identity but chose not to follow their religion - world pop. of jews decreased 1/3 because of Holocaust - 3 major groupings of jews in north america: reform, conservative and orthodox - believe god expects all humans to follow the same moral code - believe they are God’s special people because they have been saved from slavery and elected to fulfill a special responsibility BiblicalPeriod: - Liberal wing of judaism accepts modern historical principles and reserves the right to question accuracy of biblical text - traditional wing of judaism believes every word in the text to be literally true CreationinGenesis: - 7th day God rested after creating the world and the 7 th day is the day of the Sabbath Saturday for Jews and Sunday for Christians PrimalCouple:IMPORTANT*** -reinforcesthe3rdprincipleofthetheologyofrabbinicjudaism-Disobedience - Eden story explains the conditions of the human life - pain and evil are the consequence of human disobedience and lack moral discernment - transgression committed by the primal couple was not to cast a great permanent cloud above the heads of human ( like the Christians believe) - Israeli culture could be considered anti mythological and rejects the nature gods and cults however scholars believe that myth is a genre that attempts to express the cultures sense of order Abraham: - Patriarchs and matriarchs the tribal ancestors of the Hebrew - no evidence outside the bible of Moses ever existing Covenant: -covenantal bond- between God and the people of Israel - central organizing concept in the ancient hebrew religion was the covenant - covenant: specifies exactly how God desires Abrahams descendants to behave - theme of obedience to Gods will is emphasized with God asking Abraham to sacrifice his son - 2 other patriarchs make covenants with God, Abraham's son Isaac and Isaac's son Jacob DivineName: - God of the patriarchal lineage of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob gives his personal name YHWH Exodus: World Religion- September 17th 2012- Chapter 3 - Exodus story: slave labour the egyptians were harsh on the Hebrews- God tells Moses to request the freedom of Hebrews from the pharaoh and the pharaoh refuses his request- God sends down the plague on the Egyptians- Hebrews escape through the Red Sea - this story is a metaphor of the transition from slavery to freedom - Jews commemorate this with celebrating Passover - Israelite proceed to settled life in the land of Canaan under Moses’s successor Joshua - biggest threat to Israelites were the philistines to arrived on the coast around the same time they did - Romans late named the region Palestina after the philistines 5BooksofMoses: -history of the fathers - Mt Sinai is where the entire corpus of the 5 books was given directly from God to Moses - 10 Commandments emphasize the human social responsibilities as does the Book of the Covenant the extended law code ModernTheoriesoftheCompositionoftheBible - “Pentateuch is a composite creation” French physician Jean Astruc - Documentary Hypothesis made by Wellhausen holds that the Torah was derived from originally independent, parallel and complete narratives, which were subsequently combined into the current form by a series ofredactors (editors). The number of these is usually set at four, but this is not an essential part of the hypothesis IsraeliteSociety: - Interpreters say that the bible restricts marriage to one woman and one man- however many israelites had more than one wife and many concubines - marriage is universal among hebrews men were allowed several wives as long as they could afford them and support heir children - God’s complete control over history is displayed with birth stories ( failure to bear children would undermine the covenant and God would change this for a woman to benefit her people) - Hebrew society demanded capital punishment for adultery and murder - Slavery was less offensive in Hebrew society than others Prophets: -how the prophets received their messages is unknown - prophets were intermediaries used by God to deliver a message the words were God’s words not their own - Abraham is the origin but with Moses we have a nation BabylonianExile:riseofempiresthedestructionofthetemples - 586 B.C.E Judaea Kingdom fell and Solomon's temple razed to lie in ruins for 3 generations -Exile marked the transition of the Hebrew tradition from the national cult of an
More Less

Related notes for RLG100Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit