Textbook Notes (368,123)
Canada (161,661)
Religion (72)
RLG100Y1 (54)
Chapter 1

Study Guide Chapter1 - Indigenous Religions

13 Pages
Unlock Document

Andre Maintenay

CHAPTER ONE: INDIGENOUS RELIGIONS N Indigenous religion: The particular type of tradition created by a particular group of people for whom that tradition is part of what defines them as a distinct community N Syncretism: new traditions that have developed that integrate ideas and practices from both indigenous and foreign traditions N AFRICA: indigenous religions still flourish despite centuries of proselytizing by Muslims and Christians N SOUTHEAST ASIA, MALAYSIA, INDONESIA: influenced by Hindu and Buddhist traditions for nearly 2 millennia, by Islam for nearly a 1000 years, by Christianity for nearly 500 years N NORTHEAST ASIA: indigenous coexisted with Buddhism for well over a 100 years, with Islam for about 800 years and with Christianity for about 500 years N MONGOLIA, SOUTHERN SIBERIA, TIBET, JAPAN: the interaction between Buddhism and indigenous religions has been so prolonged that it is difficult to separate the one from the other N SIBERIA: many converted to Russian Orthodox Christianity N indigenous religious clusters generally developed in isolation until the 19 century N only after the expansion of the Islamic and Christian worlds, that they were exposed to other religious traditions Indigenous Religions and Western Scholarship N Totem: a spiritual kinship between a particular animal or species and a particular individual, family or clan N Mana: a free-flowing power in the universe capable of either enhancing or diminishing life N Applied to religious traditions all over the world N Tapu or taboo: a sacred prohibition N Shaman: the primary ritual specialists in that culture, whose souls could leave their bodies and travel into other realms to encounter spirits N General term for the visionaries in many cultures who use ecstatic trances and out of body experiences to communicate with spiritual beings on behalf of the community N Accounts of indigenous religions often exaggerated their exotic aspects N Minimizes their similarities to the dominant world religions and presenting them as fundamentally different N Perceive indigenous as living replicas of the traditions their distant ancestors followed before embracing Judaism or Christianity N Every indigenous has its own history, and some of them have experienced more changes over time than some world religions N Many early accounts of indigenous religions were written by explorers and traders who did not stay long enough to learn the local languages www.notesolution.com N Relied on interpreters unschooled in religious concepts and terminology Africa N Edward Tylor saw Africans as animists (believing that there were souls in all things) N Charles de Brosses and James Frazer thought that Africans worshipped fetishes (objects endowed with special powers) N Others suggested that Africans were polytheists (worshippers of many gods who were often represented by statues and masks) African Religious Thought N Their diversity reflects the diversity of the communities in which they developed, each of which has its own history, patterns of contact, ecological environment and economic system N African religions share a focus on a supreme being N Traditions differ on whether the supreme being actually created the world or delegated that task to subordinates N Yoruba of Nigeria and Benin believe that Olodumare (lord of heavens) delegated the creation to lesser gods called orisha N Dogon of Mali believe that their supreme being, Amma, began the task of creating the world but left it to be completed by spirits known as Nummo N The Nuer and Dinka of southern Sudan, the BaMbuti of Congo, and the Khoisan of South Africa emphasize that the supreme being alone created the world N Different traditions also differ in their views of the role that the supreme being plays in their daily lives N Yoruba Olodumare reigns but does not rule N Igbo of southeastern Nigeria supreme being is far removed from human beings and has created lesser spirits, divine servants to handle specific problems N Matters controlled by supreme beings are the most critical ones N Ie, life transitions of birth and death, water (the precious, life sustaining resource) N Some believe that the supreme being is the source of the vital force that enters into a Z42,38Z42-94.70,90OL10 N Most African religious communities do not have a specific shrines for the worship of the supreme being N But they do have many shrines dedicated to the lesser spirits or deities who assists humans in daily life N Nuer people of Sudan N supreme being is Kwoth Nhial, lesser spirits are Kwoth N Yoruba N Recognize 401 orisha (can possess their devotees and use their bodies to make themselves present and communicate information. Continue to develop new functions in community life) N lesser spirits have distinct personalities, extraordinary independence, and rich bodies of sacred traditions or myths describing their activities N Bantu speaking people of Equatorial, east, southern Africa www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for RLG100Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.