Textbook Notes (381,007)
CA (168,313)
UTSG (11,038)
RLG (72)
RLG100Y1 (54)
Chapter 2

Study Guide Chapter 2 -Judaism

18 Pages
149 Views

Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 18 pages of the document.
CHAPTER TWO: JUDAISM
A RITUAL INITATION
x saturday for Jews is the day of rest Æ Sabbath
o day for prayer and public assembly in the synagogue (the house of
worship and community meeting)
x WKHEDUPLW]YDKFHUHPRQ\LVDUHJXODUSDUWRIDFRQJUHJDWLRQ¶VZHHNO\Zorship
o the teen reads two selections from the Bible, one from the Pentateuch (the
5 books of Moses, which constitute the first section of the Bible) and one
from a later section called the Prophets
o first time that a young person reads publicly from the Torah (the scripture
that Jews are expected to read and study throughout their lives)
o WKHQUHFLWHVDVHULHVRIVSHFLDOEOHVVLQJVWKDWUHIOHFWWKHFRPPXQLW\¶V
values and the community responds b reaffirming the blessings
o after the ceremony, the fam holds a luncheon or dinner for relatives and
friends
DEFINING JUDAISM
x number about 14 million
o more than 7 mil live in Americas (Us and Can), 3 million live in Asia
(mostly Israel)
x in 1945, approx 6 mil was put to death by the Nazis Æ Holocaust
x understand that God expects all human beings to observe a fundamental moral
code that was revealed to Noah after the primeval flood and is accessible to the
entire human race through reason
ORIGIN
THE BIBLICAL PERIOD
x the history of Israel is contained in the Torah
x the history of a people as they understand and follow a God who has chosen them
as his instrument
x some of it is well known because the first set of Jewish religious writings, the
Hebrew Bible, is the scripture for Christians and Muslims
o interpretations differ
x earliest known reference to the Israelites by another people dates to roughly 1230
bce
o found on an Egyptian stela (monumental stone) inscribed with a hymn
describing the victories of the Egyptian pharaoh
CREATION IN GENESIS
x first 11 chapters of the Genesis describe the primeval history of the universe
x ch1, god created different things on each day of creation, culminating with
humanity on the sixth day
o the seventh day, God rests, establishing the pattern of a weekly Sabbath
x Ch 2, suggests a different beginning
www.notesolution.com
o God causing a mist to rise from the ground, out of which vegetation
sprouts
o Plants a garden in Eden and populates it with animals and the primal
human couple
The Primal Couple
x *HQHVLVHQGVZLWKJRG¶VFUHDWLRQRIPDQDQGZRPDQ$GDPDQG(YH
o Naively innocent in genesis 2
x *HQHVLV$GDPDQGHYHGHI\*RG¶VRUGHUQRWWRHDWIURPWKH7UHHRIWKH
Knowledge of Good and Evil
o Peace and harmony of their existence is broken and they are expelled from
the garden
x There are many explanatory myths (etiological), some matters are natural,
cultural, and some are ultimate issues of human existence
x Jewish explanations are largely positive
o (PSKDVL]HKXPDQV¶PRUDOFDSDFLW\WRFKRRVHJRRGRYHUHYLODQGWRREH\
*RG¶VODZV
x Christian interpretation emphasizes inescapable original sin and insists on a deep
and sinister relationship between sexuality, evil and death
THE ISRAELITE NARRATIVES
The Covenant
x 7KHFHQWUDORUJDQL]LQJFRQFHSWLQWKH,VUDHOLWHV¶UHOLJLRQ
o An agreement or contract specifying exactly what human behaviour is
acceSWDEOHWR*RGDQGJLYLQJDGLYLQHPDQGDWHWRHK,VUDHOLWHV¶VRFLHWDO
laws
THE EXODUS
x The Hebrews in the Exodus story are working as labourers on Egyptian
construction projects in the eastern art of the Nile Delta
x The Ten Commandments are stipulations of a covenant that all the people make a
communal vow to obey
x In the absence of a permanent temple, worship is instituted in an elaborate tent
called the Tabernacle
o Kept in the Tabernacle is a central cult object (Ark of the Covenant),
which serves as the throQHRI*RG¶VLQYLVLEOHSUHVHQFH
THE ISRAELITE KINGS
x The book of Joshua recounts some spectacular conquests as the Israelites enter the
land of Canaan
o The following book of Judges, suggests a less triumphant view
x According to Judges, each of the leaders (Deborah, Samson, Shamgar, Jephthat,
Ehud and etc) is chosen by God to save the Israelites from a specific threat of
foreign domination
www.notesolution.com
x Shift to a centralized monarchy took place over two generations shortly after 1000
bce
x God chooses first Saul, then David, DQGWKHQ'DYLG¶VVXFFHVVRUVWRSUHVHUYHWKH
Israelites from the Philistine menace
o David is succeeded by Solomon, who builds a temple to Yahweh on a hill
called Zion
x 2Q6RORPRQ¶VGHDWKDERXW%&(WKHNLQJGRPEURNHXS
o The Northern tribes used the name Israel until they were overrun and
dispersed by the Assyrians in 722 bce
o The Southern used the name Judah until they were defeated by Babylonian
invaders in 586 bce
THE COMPOSITION OF THE BIBLE
x For centuries, tradition attributed the composition of the first five books of the
Bible to Moses, acting under divine inspiration or dictation
o Traditional commentators resolve the seeming contradictions by asking
what God intended the text to mean
o Modern scholars approach such problems by considering the discrepancies
as clues for investigation, not challenges to faith
x Documentary hypothesis proposes that the Pentateuch is a composite text
consisting of four major blocks
o Also says that P is a late contribution to eh Pentateuchal corpus
o Criticized by traditional Jews, Christians and Muslims who reject its
humanizing assumptions
x Source materials originated with a variety of groups/institutions and in each case,
the process of composition continued in oral and written forms over generations
o Material that uses the name Yahweh is the product of an author called the
Yahwist
Referred to as J
Emphasized southern localities and the role of Abraham probably
began late in the 10th century bce
o Second source, is the work of an author termed Elohist
Referred to as E
Emphasized northern local traditions and probably started 9th
century bce
x Deuteronomy is a sermon by Moses
o 600 years earlier
THE PROPHETS
x the prophetic movement said to have influence more people than any other
religious movement in human history
x Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel
x Amos, Hosea, Micah
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
CHAPTER TWO: JUDAISM A RITUAL INITATION N saturday for Jews is the day of rest Sabbath o day for prayer and public assembly in the synagogue (the house of worship and community meeting) N 9K0-,72L9];,K.070243L8,70J:O,75,7941,.43J70J,9L438Z00NOZorship o the teen reads two selections from the Bible, one from the Pentateuch (the 5 books of Moses, which constitute the first section of the Bible) and one from a later section called the Prophets o first time that a young person reads publicly from the Torah (the scripture that Jews are expected to read and study throughout their lives) o 9K0370.L908,807L0841850.L,O-O088L3J89K,9701O0.99K0.422:3L98 values and the community responds b reaffirming the blessings o after the ceremony, the fam holds a luncheon or dinner for relatives and friends DEFINING JUDAISM N number about 14 million o more than 7 mil live in Americas (Us and Can), 3 million live in Asia (mostly Israel) N in 1945, approx 6 mil was put to death by the Nazis Holocaust N understand that God expects all human beings to observe a fundamental moral code that was revealed to Noah after the primeval flood and is accessible to the entire human race through reason ORIGIN THE BIBLICAL PERIOD N the history of Israel is contained in the Torah N the history of a people as they understand and follow a God who has chosen them as his instrument N some of it is well known because the first set of Jewish religious writings, the Hebrew Bible, is the scripture for Christians and Muslims o interpretations differ N earliest known reference to the Israelites by another people dates to roughly 1230 bce o found on an Egyptian stela (monumental stone) inscribed with a hymn describing the victories of the Egyptian pharaoh CREATION IN GENESIS N first 11 chapters of the Genesis describe the primeval history of the universe N ch1, god created different things on each day of creation, culminating with humanity on the sixth day o the seventh day, God rests, establishing the pattern of a weekly Sabbath N Ch 2, suggests a different beginning www.notesolution.com o God causing a mist to rise from the ground, out of which vegetation sprouts o Plants a garden in Eden and populates it with animals and the primal human couple The Primal Couple N *0308L8038ZL9KJ48.70,9L43412,3,3Z42,3,2,3;0 o Naively innocent in genesis 2 N *0308L8,2,30;001*484707349940,917429K0%700419K0 Knowledge of Good and Evil o Peace and harmony of their existence is broken and they are expelled from the garden N There are many explanatory myths (etiological), some matters are natural, cultural, and some are ultimate issues of human existence N Jewish explanations are largely positive o 25K,8L]0K:2,38247,O.,5,.L994.K4480J444;070;LO,3944-0 *48O,Z8 N Christian interpretation emphasizes inescapable original sin and insists on a deep and sinister relationship between sexuality, evil and death THE ISRAELITE NARRATIVES The Covenant N %K0.0397,O47J,3L]L3J.43.059L39K0,87,0OL90870OLJL43 o An agreement or contract specifying exactly what human behaviour is acce59,-O094*4,3JL;L3J,L;L302,3,90940K,87,0OL90884.L09,O laws THE EXODUS N The Hebrews in the Exodus story are working as labourers on Egyptian construction projects in the eastern art of the Nile Delta N The Ten Commandments are stipulations of a covenant that all the people make a communal vow to obey N In the absence of a permanent temple, worship is instituted in an elaborate tent called the Tabernacle o Kept in the Tabernacle is a central cult object (Ark of the Covenant), which serves as the thro3041*48L3;L8L-O0570803.0 THE ISRAELITE KINGS N The book of Joshua recounts some spectacular conquests as the Israelites enter the land of Canaan o The following book of Judges, suggests a less triumphant view N According to Judges, each of the leaders (Deborah, Samson, Shamgar, Jephthat, Ehud and etc) is chosen by God to save the Israelites from a specific threat of foreign domination www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit