Indus Valley Civilization.docx

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17 Apr 2012
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Indus Valley Civilization: concerned around ancient river Indus which flows through Pakistan through
northern Indian land. 2500 BCE roughly contemptuous settled urban culture. The civilization was well
planned; had ritual bar houses and double story houses. It was very much sophisticated for its time.
They were active in trade through various kinds of coinage and pottery. This civilization was also literate.
Their script however, has never been distended. In fact, it is very difficult to know what their civ was
like. Our concern; sketch of the religious picture during the period of ancient Indian Civilization
Culture concerned with purity. Ex bar houses
High reverence for female deities and basis of female imagery
High reverence for animals
Assestism various practices of displaying the body ex. Images of man crossed legged for
meditation
Valley eventually dies out-some say because of a horrible drought that went on for 300 years-most
probable cause?
Sanskrit: Sanskrit is the ancient language in which the highly important Vedas are composed in. The
Vedas are vast collection of text that are recognized as being the most ancient scripture. In late 18th
century the Indian Sub-continent was under British rule. The early phases of British control were
through very little government interference; they would govern by implementing the existing laws. In
order to thoroughly rule throughout the Indian land, the British had to educate themselves on the Indian
language. Sanskrit become of great significance when during the process of learning the language, the
British came to the realization that there are many grammatical similarities between Sanskrit and the
European language. British men concluded that it was too much of a coincidence which then gave rise
to the proposition that the people of Europe and India belonged to one mother Language they were
then called the Indo Europeans;
One language
Lived in Central Asia
Migrated to Iran, Europe, and Indian
Developed their language in different ways
Aryan Migration Theory: within the Vedas speaks of the people who called themselves the Arya (noble
person) Europeans took the term Arya and put a strong categorization on the people with in the group;
They took the term as a race of people and called them the Aryans . This migration theory is of the
group of people who moved to the Indian Sub-continent as migrates. When they migrated they had
gotten into various skirmishes with the local people. The Aryans managed to set themselves up as the
thriving class in India. This theory of is of significance because when the Aryans became the ruling class
the Vedic culture become the dominant ruling culture as well. The vedic culture influenced the
settlement of the people socially, politically, and economically.
Vedic Religion: Vedic Religion was the dominant religious culture in India. This was a highly sacrificial
religion-it was their primary way of expression. The Vedic Religion understood the universe as a circle in
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