RLG280Y1 Chapter Notes -Kingdom Of Judah, Hellenistic Judaism, Israelites

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Religion
Course
RLG280Y1
Professor
LECTURE THEMES FROM WINTER TERM AND
CORRESPONDENCES WITH THE TEXTBOOK:
JUDAISM
Both a religion and an ethnic identity; there are those who consider
themselves Jewish but do not practice the religion
Gave rise to Christianity and Islam, like Judaism, trace their spiritual lineage
to Abraham
Judaism is the smallest of the three
Monotheismthe belief in one God originated from Judaism
HEBREW BIBLE (pp. 82-83)
The Hebrew Bible is, is a sacred scripture for Christians and Muslims
o It interpretation differs within Judaism
o Traditional Judaist believe that the biblical text to be
completely literal and that it was dictated to Moses and the
various prophets by divine inspiration
The bible is written in entirely in ancient Hebrew, and transcribed on
a scroll by hand and treated with the utmost respect
Candidates must learn the ancient script in which the text is written
and the traditional melodies to which the words are chanted in order
to read from it
PENTATEUCH (The Hebrew bible containing the five books of Moses
the teenage boy reads from this section on his Bar Mitzvahthis is also
the first section of the bible); TANAKH (ACRONYM: T N K) (The actual
Hebrew bible and this is where the two selections that the boy will read
from at his Bar Mitzvah)
The Torah (religious law) can include both the entire Hebrew Bible and
all the commentaries on it, but it can refer specifically to the five books
of Moses
1. TORAH
GENESIS; EXODUS; LEVITICUS; NUMBERS; DEUTERONOMY
Genesis: The first 11 chapters describe the primeval history of the
universe. In chapter 1, God creates heaven and earth (however the
text did not say the universe was created from nothing). Instead it
said that in the beginning everything was chaotic and water covered
the earth. God separated the darkness from the light and created
different things on each of the 6 days (humanity, male and female
was created). On the 7th day he rested
Chapter 2: God created a mist to rise from the ground, and vegetation
sprouted. He then created Adam, and plants a garden in Eden, where
he places Adam before creating the animals and then Eve. Adam and
Eve stand naked without shame, in a state of perfect innocence,
peace, and harmony
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Chapter 3: showed how easily state can be reversed. The serpent
presented Adam and Eve with the temptation to become like God by
eating from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil
Adam and Eve did not lack intelligence before eating from the
forbidden fruit: they lacked moral sense and moral distinction
The shame and guilt the experienced afterwards are two aspects of
the ‘knowledge f good and evil’
Thus pain and evil are consequences of human obedience and lack
of moral discernment
The story of Adam and Eve is ‘etiological’ because it offers
explanation to causes or reasons behind our present circumstances
It is important to note that ‘the original sin’ (as Christianity refers
to it) did not have only negative consequences
Among the positive is that moral capacity to choose good
and keep God’s law
2. PROPHETS (NEVI’IM)
3. WRITINGS (KETUVIM)
SACRED HISTORY (pp. 72-82)
History of Israel is recorded in the Torah
o It is the history of people as they understand and follow a God
who has chosen then to serve as his instrument
CREATION STORIES (Both these stories found in Genesis)
1. “COSMIC”: CREATION OF ORDER OUT OF CHAOS (Genesis
chp.1)
2. ADAM AND EVE (Genesis chp.2)
GARDEN OF EDEN (TREE OF KNOWLEDGE OF GOOD
AND EVIL)
NOAH (COMMONALITY OF FLOOD MYTH IN MESOPOTAMIA)
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The Israelite Narratives: The first 11 chapters in the book of Genesis
explains why God had to choose a specific people and establish a
covenant with them to convey his ideas on the human race
Humans have repeatedly shown how badly they govern themselves
and because the earth was so full of violence God needed to find
away to destroy their evil society
The story of the flood became virtually universal and the
Hebrews merely adopted the theme. In the dominant
Mesopotamia accounts, the gods caused the flood because
they were disturbed by human life. In the Hebrew version,
the flood came to punish the evil that humans have
perpetuated and clear the way for a fresh start, so God
flooded the earth allowing only Noah and the creatures in
his ark to survive
Human judgment was still no better after the flood. It is not
until Genesis 12 that there seems to be hope for humanity. It
is in this chapter that God chose Abraham to serve as an
example of righteous life.
THE WORLD OF THE PATRIARCHS AND MATRIARCHS
The tribal ancestors of the Hebrews and marks the transition from
imaginative paradigms of myth to anecdotal detail of legend
ABRAHAM
COVENANT central concept (CIRCUMCISION)
Means the same thing as a ‘contract’ today
The purpose of life for those bounded in the contract had a
special contractual relationship which there was first
Abraham, Jacob, Moses and the Israelites
God promised Abraham and his descendants will have the
land of Canaan as their own it was however not a free gift.
Both sides had specific obligations.
The theme of obedience is emphasized when Abraham was
asked to sacrifice his son Isaac as a burnt offering and as he
was grasped the knife an angel appeared and told him to
spare his son and sacrifice an animal instead
This showed Gods opposition to human sacrifices that
was been practiced by the Canaanites
REWARD/PUNISHMENT
The ultimate reward was offspring and a homeland, and in
addition Abraham himself was assured of a long life and a peaceful
death
ISAAC (Abrahams son-made covenants with God) HEBREW
LINEAGE
ISHMAEL (Abrahams son) ARABS
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Document Summary

Both a religion and an ethnic identity; there are those who consider themselves jewish but do not practice the religion. Gave rise to christianity and islam, like judaism, trace their spiritual lineage to abraham. Monotheism the belief in one god originated from judaism. The bible is written in entirely in ancient hebrew, and transcribed on a scroll by hand and treated with the utmost respect. Candidates must learn the ancient script in which the text is written and the traditional melodies to which the words are chanted in order to read from it. Pentateuch (the hebrew bible containing the five books of moses the teenage boy reads from this section on his bar mitzvah this is also the first section of the bible); tanakh (acronym: t n k) (the actual. Hebrew bible and this is where the two selections that the boy will read from at his bar mitzvah)

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