Textbook Notes (362,837)
Canada (158,073)
RSM100Y1 (431)
John Oesch (214)
Chapter 9

RSM100- Chapter 9.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Rotman Commerce
John Oesch

Understanding Labour- Management Relations [Chapter 9] Why do workers unionize? Labour Union  A group of individuals working together to achieve shared job-related goals, such as higher pay, shorter working hours, more job security, greater benefits, or better working conditions Labour relations  The overall process of dealing with employees who are represented by a union Collective bargaining  The process by which union leaders and managers negotiate specific terms and conditions of employment for workers who are represented by union  Labour union was born with the industrial revolution  Unions developed because they forced management to listen to the complaints of all their workers The development of Canadian labour unions  Canadian labour congress (CLC): formed in 1956, brought the majority of unionized workers in Canada into one organization (after two largest congresses of affiliated unions- the Trades and Labour Congress & Canadian Congress of Labour merged to form this)  Two difficulties that unions have faced in recent years: o Composition of the workface (growing of ethnic minorities and women) o Anti-unionization activities (employers have become much more aggressive Trends in union-management relations  Unions recognize that its in their best interests and of workers they represent to work with instead of against management Trends in bargaining perspectives  Job security is a major issue now  Things like organizational downsizing, low inflation, and the recession are factors that have made it more difficult for unions to bargain for big wage increases The future of unions  Big unions can disrupt the economy by refusing to work  Some issues facing unions are deregulation, free trade and the globalization of business, technological change, employment growth in service industries the decline of “smokestack industries”  Unions understand that they must cooperate with employers if both companies and unions are to survive and prosper (goal is to create effective partnerships) The legal environment for unions in Canada  Industrial disputes investigation act (1907): provided for compulsory investigation of labour disputes by a government appointed board before a strike was allowed  Privy council order 1003 (1943): recognized the right of employees to bargain collectively  Constitution act (1867): divided authority over labour regulations between the federal and provincial government (formally the BNA act) o Labour legislation emanates from both the federal and provincial governments but it basically a provincial matter Federal legislation: the Canada labour code  Legislation that applies to the labour practices of firms operating under the legislative authority of parliament  The code is composed of 3 main sections: o Industrial relations o Occupational health and safety o Standard hours, wages, vacation, and holidays Provincial labour legislation  Each province has enacted legislation to deal with the personnel practices covered in the Canada labour code o The Ontario labour relations act: a comprehensive document dealing with the conduct of labour relations in that province (eg) o The basic provisions of the Ontario labour relations act are found in one form or another in the labour relations acts of all provinces (but details vary) Union organizing strategy  Organize when a firm is trying to change geographic locations, workers want to represent other workers, attempting to outdo a rival union Certifying a union: an example  Bargaining unit: individuals grouped together for purposes of collective bargaining o Once determine that the unit is appropriate, it may order a certification vote  Certification vote: a vote supervised by a government representation to determine whether a union will be certified as the sole bargaining agent for the unit  Decertification: the process by which employees legally terminate their union’s right to represent them Types of unions  Craft union: unions organized by trades; usually composed of skilled workers o Restrict membership to workers with specific skills  Industrial union: unions organized by industry; usually composed of semi-skilled and unskilled workers o Work for a longer period of time compared to craft union members  Local union (or local): the basic unit of union organization o A local of a craft union is made up of artisans in the same craft in a relatively
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