Textbook Notes (363,452)
Canada (158,372)
RSM100Y1 (431)
Chapter 9

CHAPTER 9-Understanding Labour-Management Relations

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University of Toronto St. George
Rotman Commerce
Michael Szlachta

CHAPTER 9: UNDERSTANDING LABOUR - MANAGEMENT RELATIONS Why do workers unionize? - labour union = group of individuals working together to achieve job related goals (ie higher pay, shorter hours, job security, more benefits, better working conditions) - labour relations describes the process of dealing with employees who are represented by a union - labour movement was born with the industrial revolution which gave birth to job specialization, mass production - workers became more dependent on their factory jobs and werent treated well - the unions forced management to listen to the complaints of all their workers instead of just the few who were brave enough to speak up. - the power of unions comes from collective action - collective bargaining is the process through which union leaders and managers negotiate common terms and conditions of employment for the workers represented by unions The development of Canadian labour unions - unions started in the maritime provinces in the early 19th century, mostly from people who had a specific craft (ie a shoemaker) - first national labour organization - the canadian labour union which matured with the formation of the Trades and labour congress (TLC). Purpose of the TLC was to unite all labour organizations and to work for the passage of laws that would ensure the well being of the working class - in the 20th century, the concept of organized labour became accepted - disputes between the Canadian Federation of Labour and US unions led to the creation of rival union organizations that competed for membership - by 1956, there were 2 unions - the trades and labour congress and the canadian congress of labour that merged to form the canadian labour congress Trends in union membership - lately its been difficult for unions to attract new members. - union membership as a proportion of the total workforce has slowed down - now women represent about half of all union workers. - union movement is more successful in canada than in the US - recently, unions have encountered increasing opposition from management of companies that are trying to survive in a competitive global environment Reasons for declining union membership: COMPOSITION OF THE WORKFORCE: the workforce today has more women and ethnic minorities, who are less likely to join unions when they enter the workforce. ANTI UNIONIZATION ACTIVITES: more aggressive anti unionazation activity on the part of employers. - federal and provincial labour legislation restricts what management of a company can do to keep out of a union, but companies are free to pursue certain strategies to minimize unionization (ie creating more of a employee friendly environment) - more job security, higher wages and a work environment in which employees are allowed to be active is geared at being anti unionist Trends in union management relations - mostly in the auto and steel industries, labour unions are strong. - in most sectors, unions are in a weak position so most have taken more of conciliatory stances in their relations with management - unions recognize that they dont have as much power and its in their best interests to work with management, not against it www.notesolution.com
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