These Big Five dimensions are known as the Five Factor Model.
Extraversion: especially important for jobs that require a lot of
interpersonal interaction, such as sales and management, where being
sociable, assertive, energetic and ambitious is important for success
Neuroticism/Emotional Stability: the degree to which a person has
appropriate emotional control. A person with low emotional stability their
job performance is likely to suffer. Persons who score high on emotional
stability are likely to have more effective interactions with co-workers and
customers because they tend to be more calm and secure.
Agreeableness: the extent to which a person is friendly and approachable.
Agreeableness is likely to contribute to job performance in jobs that require
interaction and involve helping, cooperating, and nurturing others, as well as
in jobs that involve teamwork and cooperation
Conscientiousness: the degree to which a person is responsible and
achievement-oriented. Persons who are high on conscientiousness are likely
to perform well on most jobs given their tendency towards hard work and
Openness to Experience: the extent to which a person thinks flexibility and
is receptive to new ideas. People who are high on openness to experience are
likely to do well in jobs that involve learning and creativity given that they
tend to be intellectual, curious, and imaginative and have broad interests.
These traits are independent of each other. There is evidence that each of the
“Big Five” dimensions is related to job performance. As well, they are related
to other work behaviours like retention and attendance at work. Also, related
to motivation and job satisfaction. The Big Five also related to job search and
Locus of Control: a set of beliefs about whether one’s behavior is controlled
mainly by internal or external forces. At one end, high internals who believe
that the opportunity to control their own behavior resides within
themselves. At the other end, high externals who believe that external forces
determine their behavior.
Externals see the world as unpredictable and chancy place. Internals tend to
see stronger links between the effort they put into their jobs and the
performance level that they achieve. Since, internals believe that their work
behavior will influence the rewards they achieve, they are more likely to be
aware of and to take advantage of information that will enabled them to