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3 Jan 2011
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CHAPTER 2: LEGAL CONTEXT FOR HRM
Direct Discrimination: Policies or practices that clearly make a distinction based on a
prohibited ground.
Indirect Discrimination: When policies or practices appear neutral but have an adverse
effect on the basis of prohibited ground.
Adverse Impact: when selection rate for a particular group is lower than that for the
relevant comparison group
1977, Canadian Human Rights Act protects from discrimination based on prohibited
grounds
ALL INDIVIDUALS HAVE AN EQUAL CHANCE OF BEING HIRED, KEEP A
JOB, GET PROMOTION, OR RECEIVE OTHER WORK BENEFITS
REGARDLESS OF PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS INCLUDING:
-Race / Colour
-National / Ethnic Background
-Religion
-Sexual Orientation
-Age
-Marital Status
-Sex
-Family Status
-Physical or Mental Disability
-Pardoned Conviction
1982, Charter of Rights and Freedoms first constitutional recognition of right to
equality
-equality of men and women
-aboriginal ppls rights
-seek employment anywhere in Canada
-use either official language
1986, Employment Equity Act eliminated employment barriers for
-Women
-Visible minorities
-Arboriginal ppl
-Persons with disabilities
1988, Official Languages Act
2004, Personal information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) 
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Document Summary

Direct discrimination: policies or practices that clearly make a distinction based on a prohibited ground. Indirect discrimination: when policies or practices appear neutral but have an adverse effect on the basis of prohibited ground. Adverse impact: when selection rate for a particular group is lower than that for the relevant comparison group. 1977, canadian human rights act  protects from discrimination based on prohibited grounds. All individuals have an equal chance of being hired, keep a. Job, get promotion, or receive other work benefits. 1982, charter of rights and freedoms  first constitutional recognition of right to equality equality of men and women aboriginal ppls rights seek employment anywhere in canada use either official language. 1986, employment equity act eliminated employment barriers for. 2004, personal information protection and electronic documents act (pipeda)  www. notesolution. com. Safeguard employee privacy by saying how companies can collect, use, and disclose information about individuals.

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