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Chapter 9

Chapter 9 summary

7 pages37 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Rotman Commerce
Course Code
RSM100Y1
Professor
Michael Szlachta
Chapter
9

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Chapter 9
Why do Workers Unionize?
Labour union a group of individuals working together to achieve more job security,
greater benefits, shared job-related goals, higher pay, shorter working hours, or better
working conditions.
Labour relations the overall process of dealing with employees who are represented by a
union
Collective bargaining the process by which union leaders and managers negotiate specific
terms and conditions of employment for workers who are represented by unions
The labour movement was born with the industrial revolution
The development of Canadian labour unions
The Canadian labour union was formed in 1873
Trades and labour congress in 1886 unite all labour organizations
Canadian federation of labour was formed to promote Canadian unions over U.S.
unions
Trades and labour congress and Canadian congress of labour formed to create the
Canadian labour congress
Unionism today
Union membership as a proportion of the non-agricultural workforce (union density)
has stagnated, and less than one-third of Canadian workers belong to a union
Women and ethnic minorities have much weaker traditions of union affiliation, they
are less likely to join unions when they enter the workforce
Companies are free to pursue certain strategies to minimize unionization
Unions recognize that they dont have as much power as they once did, and that is in
their own best interests to work with instead of against management
Job security has become a big issue because so many companies are outsourcing
some of their production to foreign countries
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The labour organizations in the canadian labour congress and large independent
unions such as the international brotherhood of teamsters and the canadian union of
public employees can disrupt the economy by refusing to work
The challenges facing unions are many:
oThe continuing decline of the so-called smokestack industries (for example,
automobile manufacturing), where union power has traditionally been very
strong
oEmployment growth in service industries, where union power has
traditionally not been strong
oDeregulation, which has led to mergers and layoffs and to the emergence of
new, non-unionized companies
oFree trade and the globalization of business, which has resulted in many jobs
being moved to areas of the worlds with lower labour costs
oTechnological change, which increases the difficulty of organizing workers
and threatens existing unionized jobs
The goal is to create effective partnerships in which managers and workers share the
same goals
The legal environment for unions in Canada
Industrial disputes investigation act provided for compulsory investigation of labour
disputes by a government-appointed board before a strike was allowed
Privy council order 1003 this order recognized the right of employees to bargain
collectively, prohibited unfair labour practices on the part of management, established a
labour board to certify bargaining authority, and prohibited strikes and lockouts except in
the course of negotiating collective agreements
Constitution act allocates certain activities to the federal government and other activities
to individual provinces
Labour legislation emanates from both the federal and provincial governments but is
basically a provincial matter
Canada labour code regulates the labour practices of firms operating under the legislative
authority of parliament
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