Chapter 3 Race and Ethnics.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
School of Environment
Stephen Scharper

Chapter 3 Race and Ethnics  Human Genome Project has shown that only a tiny fraction of humanity’s genetic makeup varies by characteristics typically associated with “race”  Physical features commonly associated with race =skin colour, hairs texture, eye colour  Cultureas the values and practices that frame ppls lives not permanent the way of life of a society that includes dress, languages, norms of behaviour, foods, tools, beliefs and folklore  Traditional Multiculturalism/pluralismconcerned with protecting the right of individuals. it protects the rights of minority ppl thru ex: provincial human rights codes  Modern multiculturalismconcerned with the survival of diverse cultural groups in this case the individual is treated as the member of an ethnic or racial group and the group is protected by law  Entrance statusthe status of a group when the first enter cnda  Push factorsimmigrating to cnda to escape war, bad livng or an absence of human rights  Pull factorshope in finding better jobs nd edu for their kids  Chain migrationthe successful migration of one fam member that creates a chain for the kin and community network.  Originally the word diasporas meant the scattering of the tribes of Israel now it means the global spread of migrants of any ethnic group or nationality and their culture.  Conflict theorists focus on how one group benefits more than another from differentiation, exclusion and institutional racism  Feminists believe that giving ethnic minorities special rights ignore the rights of women and further female subordination and oppression  Symbolic interactionists focus on micro sociological aspects of race and discrimination, such as the ways ppl construct ethnic differences and racial labels to subordinate minority groups  Racial socialization is a process of social interaction that exposes ppl to the beliefs, values, cultural history, language and social and economical realities of their own and other ppls racial or ethnic identities I.O.Wthe process of learning what it means socially and culturally to be a jew, chinese etc  Structural theorists particularly helps understand the experience of racial and ethnic minorities in economic life  Prejudicea hostile or aversive attitude towards a person who belongs to a particular group simply b/c of that persons memberships in the group  Racial discriminationany distinction or preference based on race, colour, descent or national or ethnic origin that has the purpose of effect of nullifyi
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