summary of coerciveness reading

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School of Environment
Douglas Mac Donald

Reading report 4Coerciveness and the selection of environmental policy instrumentsSummary This paper identifies that the general trend in the relative coerciveness of policy instruments used in response to different pollution cases has been declining over the past century Douglas Macdonald argues that this trend is directly correlated with the distribution of power in the policy network For the three largest pollution cases sewage waste toxic waste and climate change policy instruments used in each were listed and standardized on a scale of one least coercive through eight most coercive It was then apparent that the earliest case sewage waste had the largest distribution of coerciveness ranging from one to eight The second case is toxic waste in 1970 it ranged only one to four but by 1980 due to an increase of popular support for environmental protection coercive law was imposed at a rating of seven Finally cli
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