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Chapter 2

SOC208H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Social Insurance, Corporatism

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kim pernell

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In the article “who gets what”, the author explains social justice in relation
to the allocation of public goods and the in political economy. More
importantly, the author states the principle of distribution and investigates
their difference in relation to the equality which helps for understanding
the article “The paradox of redistribution and strategies of Equality”. By
analyzing the difference between transfer share, low-income targeting, and
universalism, korpi and Palme raises questions about social policy and
equality. The analysis of social insurance institutions is essential aspect for
understanding the social equality. Korpi and Palme come up with the ideal-
typical Models of Social insurance Institutions which contains five ideal
types of institutional structures. The targeted model is based on a means
test. It excludes higher income earners. The corporatist model, is based on
a combination of contributions and a specific occupational category. lThe
voluntary state- subsidized model provides tax money and voluntary
organizations provides insurance for their members. The voluntary
contribution benefits more working class individuals. The basic security
model, qualification depends on contributions or citizenship. The
encompassing model provides all citizens the same program and also give
them earning-related benefits.Through the institutional structures in 1985,
the authors indicates that social insurance institutions has an impact on
the distributive process which matters equality and redistribution. By
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