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Chapter 11

Deviance and Social Control - Chapter 11 Notes

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Nathan Innocente

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Chapter 11 - Social Control Theories
ask yourself -- why aren't you a criminal
explanations assert people have connectedness, conscience, and respect for the
social control theories don't ask directly why deviants commit deviant acts
when they work -- get conformity; when they fail -- allows individuals to choose a
deviant path
i.e. analogous to fencing around a child play area -- it is assumed they will
wonder around -- so if fencing is bad they can escape
control theory - focuses on barriers, or the lack of them to restrain drives and needs towards
deviant acts, rather than focusing on the acts themselves
how supervision and socialization lead people on proper paths
uses more empirical science than interpretation
statistical analysis of self-report data of high school kids/undergraduates
Walter Reckless and Containment Theory:
Containment theory - focuses on inner and outer factors that control the normal person, but
are absent or weakened in deviants
Inner Controls:
more important to controlling deviance than outer controls
we all experience hostility, anger, rebellion, etc. within our self
inner controls = self-controls
2 types:
Direct inner control - ability to feel shame/guilt and to neutralize it, manage
frustration, have inner strength
Indirect inner control - based on individuals interest in maintaining conformity
Outer Controls
Experienced in the environment, such as poverty, adversity, deviant friends, etc.
2 types:
Direct outer control - external to individual and carry threat of consequences and
rules -- best used when commonly used in institutions
i.e. security cameras
Indirect outer control - mainly relational -- the control derives from need to
maintain role relationships -- works best if others who conform have power to reward
or punish others
Travis Hirschi and Social Bonding:
social bond theory - most of us behave well because we form a strong bond to conventional
4 elements - involvement, belief, attachment, commitment
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