Since early 20th century, majority of families in canada have made a living by combining paid employment and unpaid domestic labour. Income: 1 or more family member sell their capacity to work/labour power to an employer. Massive entry of women into paid labour force harder to manage their domestic responsibilities. But most social policies assume that individuals and their families are primarily responsible for personal caregiving and that women remain primarily responsible for managing the competing demands of the two labours necessary for family subsistence. African-canadian women have a history of higher-than-average labour-force participation rates (brand & carty 1994) Indigenous or aboriginal women have had lower-than-average labour-force participation rates but have worked in mixed economies since colonization. Immigration policies have permitted particular categories of women workers to enter. Canada to fill certain types of labour needs. Isolated women in a demanding low status and unpaid job relationship broke down.