SOC364H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Machismo, Transportation Engineering, Global Climate Coalition

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Social epidemiologists have drawn attention to health inequalities as avoidable, unfair and inequitable, challenging the individual risk factor approach and medical solutions dominating much of 20th century research. Using the concept of embodiment to understand health outcomes as the manifestation of social inequalities. The tobacco industry has cast smoking as an individual choice by informed consumers, but researchers recognise the role advertising plays in creating addiction and socially legitimising smoking [ Health effects of the social process globalisation and economic neo- liberalisation. The globalisation literature has linked social processes to health outcomes (including the globalisation of the cigarette industry and its targeting of low income countries, producing a growing and unequal disease burden. These harms and benefits are unequally distributed: socio-economic inequalities in road traffic injuries [23], obesity. [14], exposure to air pollution [24], and health effects of urban sprawl and community severance [25].

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