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Chapter DYAF Chapter 1

SOC367H1 Chapter DYAF Chapter 1: Making Masculinity: Adolescence, Identity, and High School


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC367H1
Professor
Judith Taylor
Chapter
DYAF Chapter 1

Page:
of 3
IRE260 ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR
Sept 27th, 2016
Week 3 Reading Dude You’re a Fag: Chapter 1
- Making Masculinity: Adolescence, Identity, and High School
- By C. J. Pascoe
Chapter 1: Making Masculinity: Adolescence, Identity, and High School
- Mr. Cougar Competition: A popularity contest with the males
o Intersecting dynamics of sexuality, gender, social class, race bodies, and institutional
practices that constitute from adolescent masculinity
o Heterosexuality as central to masculinity
o Homosexuality seen as feminine and unwanted
o Masculinity is seen in fit, buff, aggressive, straight and protective qualities
o raialized otios of asuliit a e eated through seualized tropes
The gagstas are portraed as speifiall lak ulture
Symbolizes hyper sexuality
Threates hite es otrol oer hite oe
Seen as slightly feminized as their defeat mean the win of the white nerds
and the rescuing of the cheerleaders
o The females are seen as hopeless and weak, stereotypes of the female
- Schooling constructs adolescent masculinity through idioms of sexuality
- Masculinity is acquired, not given to at birth along with the gender
o Configuration of practices and discourses that different youths may embody in different
ways and to different degrees
- What makes someone masculine:
o Homophobia
o Heterosexist comments at the females
All of these intersect with racialized identities
African American males were more likely to be punished whereas for white
males, it just solidifies a more masculine identity
- Gendering process encoded at multiple levels: institutional, interactional and individual
- Pascoe Masculinity as a process rather than a social identity associated with specific bodies
Masculinity
- (Kimmel 1996) Part of the definition of a psychologically oral adult ae to iole proper
adjust to oes geder role
- Me hae istruetal roles, feales hae epressie roles – (Parsons 1954) central to a well-
functioning society
- Psychoanalytic feminist theories masculinity as an identity formation constituted in inequality
Emergence of the sociology of masculinity
- Not a sigle asulie role ut ultiple asuliities
o Different configurations of masculinity depend on positions in a social hierarchy of power
- Hegemonic Masculinity: Supports gender inequality top of the hierarchy
- Complicit Masculinity: Benefits from Hegemonic masculinity but does not enact it
- Subordinated Masculinity: Oppressed by definitions of hegemonic masculinity primarily gay men
- Marginalized Masculinity: Positioned powerfully in terms of gender but not class/race
- Coell 1995 All e eefits fro the patriarhal diided
o Privilege given to all men in a society that favours males/maleness/masculinity
find more resources at oneclass.com
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- Critiques category of hegemonic masculinity is full of contradictions
- Assumed biological basis of gender
o Masculinizing discourses and practices extend beyond male bodies
Sexuality
- Pascoe: Sexuality is an organizing principle of social life. It itself is a form of power that exists
regardless of an individuals seual idetit
o Quite public part of social life
- Social theorists: sexuality refers to sex acts and sexual identities
o Encompasses a range of meanings associated with these acts and identities
Meanings that vary with social class, location, gender identity
o Heterosexuality
Private desires/identities but public citizenship rights or state benefits
Infuses with social relations and social structures
- Interdisciplinary theory Queer theor
o “oiolog takes for grated deiat seualities, idetities, practices, discourses and norms
o Pascoe Queer theor to frae odies, desires, seualities, ad idetities i a wa that is’t
necessarily or solely about the oppression or liberation of the homosexual subject but rather
about how institutional and interactional practices organize sexual life and produce sexual
knowledge.
o Fous o the istailit of these ategories
Heterosexuality seen as stable and homosexuality as instable, opposing, discrete
identities with internal contradictions
o Queer theorists how categories are created/sustained/undone as opposed to creating
knowledge about categories of sexual identities
Rethinking Masculinity, Sexuality, and Bodies
- Masculinity as a process and as a field though which power is articulated
- Pasoes researh – Masculinity is an identity that respondents think of as related to the male body
but as not necessarily specific to the male body
o Gender is accomplished though day-to-day interactions
- Judith Butler gender is something people accomplish through as et of repeated acts within a
highly rigid regulatory frame that congeal over time to produce the appearance of substance, of a
atural sort of eig
o People reference or invoke a gendered norm
o Interactional accomplishment of gender:
The abject identity must be constantly named to remind individuals of its power
Must be constantly repudiated by individual so they can affirm their identities as
normal and culturally intelligible
Interactionist approach to gender
- Gender not just a quality of an individual but the result of interactional processes
o Masculinity as sexualized processes of confirmation and repudiation through which
individuals demonstrate mastery over others
o fag positio is a ajet positio inferior to the heterosexual role
o Ritualized interactions constituting masculinity demonstrating sexual mastery by the denial
of girls sujetiit
Methodology
Adolescence as a Social Category
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find more resources at oneclass.com
- Time in which teenagers work to create identity and make the transition from childhood to
adulthood
- Emerged as unique cultural formation where varied forms are characterized by gender
differentiation and sexuality
- Heterosexual rituals
o Courtship
o Popularization of the car (also cultural ritual)
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find more resources at oneclass.com