Textbook Notes (363,166)
Canada (158,236)
Sociology (1,479)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 1-2

SOC101Y1 Chapter 1-2: Week 2 Reading: Sociological Knowledge and Science

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Christian O.Caron

Sociological Knowledge and Science Common sense: derived from authority, tradition and first hand experience of everyday living - Suspends doubt; more likely to take the world as it is until exposed to a different situation - Construction of reality is shaped by how we live our lives; own values and standards/ perspective Theory: explanation makes sense of the situation, science enters to build on common sense Distantiation: 3rd person perspective (eye of the outsider); gaining insights through increased social distance - key to birth of science where surroundings are not taken for granted, understanding why people do what they do Scientific Knowledge - Calls the world into doubt, asking questions/ skepticism - Science is about controlling meticulous errors and go beyond tradition, authority and first hand experience; consider all the possibilities possible - larger samples of cases to give conclusion for accuracy - Double hermeneutics (science of interpretations): interpretations of interpretations - Connect common sense with science as critical thinking Critical thinking characteristics: - Independence of mind: thinking for yourself - Intellectual curiosity: question where it leads - Intellectual courage: willing to evaluate all perspectives with a fair shot even though all perspectives may not always be equally useful - Intellectual humility: know one’s limit of knowledge - Intellectual empathy: put yourself in someone’s shoes - Intellectual perseverance: willingness to pursue insights even when facing obstacles - Reflexive disposition: one's own approach is fallible Science is about: 1. Logic (theory) 2. Observations (methods) Study of Social Regularities: research aims to find patterns of regularity in social life Data: empirical facts, meaningless in and of themselves; meaningful when they are presented or considered in relation to theory Theory: tentative explanation of some observed regularity Social Structure: Relative stable patterns of social relations that affect our thoughts, feelings, actions, and identity 1. Microstructure: patterns of social relations formed from face to face interaction 2. Macrostructure: patterns of social relations outside and above one’s circle of intimates and acquaintances
More Less

Related notes for SOC101Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.