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Chapter 3

SOC101Y1 Chapter 3: Week 3 Reading: Research Methods

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Christian O.Caron

Research Methods Post-Structuralism vs Grand Narratives - Rejects universalism and essentialism by challenging the idea of fixed structures and meaning - Rejects notions of ideas, individuals, institutions and practices have a core, stable essence that defines them for all time and places - Moves away from seeking universal social laws - Focus on how categories come into being and come to be seen the way they are - Michel Foucault & Pierre Bourdieu Affinity Dogmatism: the feeling that one theory has all the right answers Theories: models that offer lenses to allow others to notice something that has not noticed before Concepts: clusters of cases that allow to distinguish two from each other DO NOT BE DISMISSIVE - of the information that does not fall into your understanding of the world Dialectics of social research - Two end points on a continuum 1. Idiographic: explaining one case in great detail Nomothetic: explaining a set of cases using handful of factors 2. Inductive Thinking: moves from particular observation to general Deductive Thinking: moves from general to a specific 3. Quantitative & Qualitative 4. Pure: interested in understanding Applied Research: interested in application Objectivity: observation can occur in a neutral fashion without being influenced by theory/cultural/ personal assumptions - “We all see the same thing/ Observation only comes from the object” Subjectivity: observation with influenced by bias/theory/culture/personal assumption - “Observations come from the subject” Positivism -Value Freedom- it's not about what you believe, leaving what you believe at the
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